Birmingham (GB)

From Stamps of the World

Plate 48 OC Die II showing the allocated PO Numeral 75 of Birmingham.
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Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England. Often called Englands second city (by population and size).

A medium-sized market town in the medieval period, Birmingham grew to international prominence in the 18th century at the heart of the Midlands Enlightenment and subsequent Industrial Revolution, which saw the town at the forefront of worldwide advances in science, technology, and economic development, producing a series of innovations that laid many of the foundations of modern industrial society. By 1791 it was being hailed as "the first manufacturing town in the world". Birmingham's distinctive economic profile, with thousands of small workshops practising a wide variety of specialised and highly skilled trades, encouraged exceptional levels of creativity and innovation and provided a diverse and resilient economic base for industrial prosperity that was to last into the final quarter of the 20th century. Perhaps the most important invention in British history, the industrial steam engine, was invented in Birmingham. Its resulting high level of social mobility also fostered a culture of broad-based political radicalism, that under leaders from Thomas Attwood to Joseph Chamberlain was to give it a political influence unparalleled in Britain outside London, and a pivotal role in the development of British democracy. From the summer of 1940 to the spring of 1943, Birmingham was bombed heavily by the German Luftwaffe in what is known as the Birmingham Blitz. The damage done to the city's infrastructure, in addition to a deliberate policy of demolition and new building by planners, led to extensive demolition and redevelopment in subsequent decades.

Birmingham was allocated number 75 in the Post Office books.

Postmark Examples[edit]

Birmingham (GB) a.jpg
2D REGISTERED 2D BIRMINGHAM cancel 1900
Penny red plate 140 BIRMINGHAM barred numeral cancellation 4VOD
Birmingham with A code cancel on Productivity issue.
Plate 97 AD

Cover Examples[edit]

1904 Birmingham to New York City
1889 BIRMINGHAM 75 Double Arc steel cancel on Avery Postal Stationery to Hamburg, Germany
1860 Birmingham to London 1d Red Die II Plate 48 OC
reverse of 1860 cover.