Edinburgh (GB)

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Edinburgh; Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Èideann is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 local government council areas. Located in Lothian on the Firth of Forth's southern shore, it is Scotland's second most populous city and the seventh most populous in the United Kingdom.

Recognised as the capital of Scotland since at least the 15th century, Edinburgh is home to the Scottish Parliament and the seat of the monarchy in Scotland.Although Edinburgh's traditional industries of printing, brewing and distilling continued to grow in the 19th century, and were joined by new rubber works and engineering works, there was little industrialisation compared with other cities in Britain. By 1821, Edinburgh had been overtaken by Glasgow as Scotland's largest city. The city centre between Princes Street and George Street became a major commercial and shopping district, a development partly stimulated by the arrival of railways in the 1840s. The Old Town became an increasingly dilapidated, overcrowded slum with high mortality rates. Improvements carried out under Lord Provost William Chambers in the 1860s began the transformation of the area into the predominantly Victorian Old Town seen today. More improvements followed in the early 20th century as a result of the work of Patrick Geddes, but relative economic stagnation during the two world wars and beyond saw the Old Town deteriorate further before major slum clearance in the 1960s and 1970s began to reverse the process. University building developments which transformed the George Square and Potterrow areas proved highly controversial. See also

Edinburgh[edit]

1968 Cancel
1967 Cancel
1965 Cancel
1913 Posted at sea, Edinburgh receiving cancel on a Island stamp
EDINBURGH in 1905.

19th century[edit]

EDINBURGH A NPB cancel in 1892, on 1d stationery cut.
Rare plate cover
March 1857 Plate 45 Die II CE on cover from Edinburgh with Type 3 Roller cancellation to Perth Reverse showing Perth receiver and Edinburgh Despatch marks

Edinburgh Registered[edit]

1884 REGISTERED EDINBURGH code 1S cancels with earliest known use of the 3d lilac and ½d Blue on cover to Glasgow


Edinburgh Brunswick Stars[edit]

Following the introduction in the late 1850's of a duplex cancel of Edinburgh with cuts in the bars (St Andrew Cross). A number of new star cancels appeared named the Brunswick Stars. Several different forms were made of them. These fall into 4 main groups.

Long thin rays which are wider at the ends.[edit]

Club shaped rays.[edit]

Club shaped rays
Club shaped rays with stars at left

Spear headed rays[edit]

Straight-lined rays of equal thickness along their lengths.[edit]

Edinburgh (GB) EBS4 a.jpg
With the addition of a star at the base.

Local Offices[edit]

Leith Walk[edit]

1844 1d Pink cover cancelled by the thin lined MX of Edinburgh office. Reverse showing the local cancel.
1844 1d Pink cover reverse showing LEITH WALK Local office cancel

Incoming Ship Mail[edit]

1938 Incoming ship mail from an Icelandic boat cancelled on arrival in port in Edinburgh.

Edinburgh Whisky Stamps[edit]

1896 Postmark. £5 Orange with faked Edinburgh cancel on top of SPECIMEN

Cover Examples[edit]

1821 entire letter to Edinburgh with a manuscript Pd 1 1/2, a MONTROSE boxed mileage mark (larger type), and a boxed "Paid in the Country" which was applied on arrival.
1860 ZK coded roller duplex of Edinburgh cancelling pair of GB 1d Red Die II Plate 42 on cover to Plymouth (GB)
1857 1d Red on cover with Edinburgh 131, sent to CORK in the Scotland via Liverpool
Reverse of 1857 1d Red cover to Cork via Liverpool
1857 1d Red on cover with the experimental roller cancel of Edinburgh (without vertical lines type), sent to Cromarty in the highlands via Inverness
Reverse of 1857 1d Red cover to Cromarty via Inverness
1858 2d Blue cover Plate 6 perf 14 LC on cover with the experimental roller cancel of Edinburgh (with vertical lines type).
Reverse of 1858 2d Blue cover with Stirling double arc receiver and Edinburgh "Posted Since 7.20 Last Night" instructional mark to signify why it was later than expected.
1864 Edinburgh Brunswick Star cancel on cover
1860 Castle Street local error of spelling EDINBERGH cover sent to Salisbury Brunswick Star cancel on cover
Feb 1842 Cover bearing Plate 2 PB, sent locally in Edinburgh. Cancelled by the Edinburgh Special Type 1 MX
Edinburgh cover bearing a block of GB 1d Reds Die II Plate 46 cancelled by the 131 of Edinburgh and over cancelled with the 'Posted since 7.20 Last Night late stamp to Stow.