International Reply Coupons

From Stamps of the World

An international reply coupon (IRC) is a coupon that can be exchanged for one or more postage stamps representing the minimum postage for an unregistered priority airmail letter of up to twenty grams sent to another Universal Postal Union (UPU) member country. IRCs are accepted by all UPU member countries.

Proof of the IMPERIAL Type International Reply Coupon bottom right Marginal of sheet

UPU member postal services are obliged to exchange an IRC for postage, but are not obliged to sell them. The purpose of the IRC is to allow a person to send someone in another country a letter, along with the cost of postage for a reply. If the addressee is within the same country, there is no need for an IRC because a self-addressed stamped envelope (SASE) or return postcard will suffice; but if the addressee is in another country an IRC removes the necessity of acquiring foreign postage or sending appropriate currency.

The different types of IRC are shown here >> IRC TYPES

he IRC was introduced in 1906 at a Universal Postal Union congress in Rome. At the time an IRC could be exchanged for a single-rate, ordinary postage stamp for surface delivery to a foreign country, as this was before the introduction of airmail services. An IRC is exchangeable in a UPU member country for the minimum postage of a priority or unregistered airmail letter to a foreign country.

The current IRC, which features the theme "Water for Life," designed by Czech artist and graphic designer Michal Sindelar, was issued in 2013 and is valid until 31 December 2017. A new design by Vietnamese artist Nguyen Du for 2017-2021 was adopted in Istanbul in 2016.

IRCs are ordered from the UPU headquarters in Bern, Switzerland by postal authorities. They are generally available at large post offices; in the U.S., they are requisitioned along with regular domestic stamps by any post office that has sufficient demand for them. A British 1 Shilling IRC issued in 1959.

Prices for IRCs vary by country. In the United States in November 2012, the purchase price was $2.20 USD; however, the US Postal Service discontinued sales of IRCs on 27 January 2013 due to declining demand. Britain's Royal Mail also stopped selling IRCs on 18 February 2012, citing minimal sales and claiming that the average post office sold less than one IRC per year. IRCs purchased in foreign countries may be used in the United States toward the purchase of postage stamps and embossed stamped envelopes at the current one-ounce First Class International rate ($1.05 USD as of April 2012) per coupon.

IRCs are often used by amateur radio operators sending QSL cards to each other; it has traditionally been considered good practice and common courtesy to include an IRC when writing to a foreign operator and expecting a reply by mail. If the operator's home country does not sell IRCs, then a foreign IRC may be used.

Previous editions of the IRC, the "Beijing" model[clarification needed] and all subsequent versions, bear an expiration date. Consequently, a new IRC will be issued every three years.

In 1920, Charles Ponzi made use of the idea that profit could be made by taking advantage of the differing postal rates in different countries to buy IRCs cheaply in one country and exchange them for stamps of a higher value in another country. This subsequently became the fraudulent Ponzi scheme.In practice, the overhead on buying and selling large numbers of the very low-value IRCs precluded any profitability.

The selling price and exchange value in stamps in each country have been adjusted to some extent to remove some of the potential for profit, but ongoing fluctuations in currency value and exchange rates make it impossible to achieve this completely, as long as stamps represent a specific currency value, instead of acting as vouchers granting specific postal services, devoid of currency nomination.

Estonia - See also Paris and Tallinn Estonia
Germany issued in Brussels
Great Britain London SW (GB) 87 to 135 BROMTON RD SW the address of the post office in Harrods in London
Great Britain London W (GB) issued at Mount Street W1
Great Britain - Britannia IRC issued by Brecon PO
Great Britain - Britannia IRC issued by Bournemouth PO
Birmingham
India. Issued by the Ludhiana office
Israel
Korea
Netherlands
Netherlands
Spain
Sweden
Swaziland
Great Britain - Sloane square B.O. S.W.1
Federation of Malaya
Mauritius
Japan issued in Shimanto (JP) 1931
Great Britain Exchange Buildings Newcastle-on-Tyne
British Honduras issued in Belize City Post Office 1970
Kenya, Uganda and Tanganyika
Mozambique
Ghana
St Helena
Phnom Penh Cambodge Cambodia
Republique Indonesia
Netherlands 1972
USA 1989
JR- Sa. SEC TESORARIA - DF BRASIL Rio de Janeiro Brasil 1953
JR- Sa. SEC TESORARIA - DF BRASIL Rio de Janeiro Brasil 1948
Netherlands - Bussum -1970
Great Britain 6d Margate 1939
NOUMEA NOUVELLE CALEDONIE New Caledonia
Tunis - Tunisia
IRC, London type 16n, issued in Probolinggo, Indonesia, 18.3.1957.
Commonwealth of Australia
Madagascar
Hong Kong
German Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia IRC issued in Prague 1940 redeemed in Quito, Equador
Weston-super-Mare 1912
South Africa
Jordan, IRC issued in Jerusalem
বাংলাদেশ (Bengali) Bangladesh Overprint on Pakistan IRC, issued at Dacca G.P.O. Bangladesh
Baghdad بغداد type Lo-XIVo with Baghdad in Arabic script 1949