London Inland Office Branch (GB)
From Stamps of the World
|Pre-stamp to 1899||1900-1999||2000-Present|
|The office came into existence with the end of the Two Penny Post in 1844
The Main office itself was generally known as E.C.D.O.,St.Martin’s-le-Grand, the Inland Office being a department therein.
|By 1907 ‘London Chief Office’ had moved to King Edward St, EC1
Closed 22 April 1994
The Inland Office (IO) which later became the Inland Branch (IB), was one of the main departments of the early developing stages in the GPO.
When the London Postal system was developing during the large increase in post, that came from Rowland Hill's Postal reforms.
- 1 1843 Maltese Crosses
- 2 1844 - 1847 14 or 16 Bars
- 3 1844 16 Bars - later issue
- 4 1844 15 Bars - later issue
- 5 1845 14 Bars - later issue
- 6 1846 13 Bars - later issue
- 7 1847 12 Bars
- 8 1851 - 11 Bars
- 9 1851 - 13 Bars
- 10 1852 - 13 Bars
- 11 1852 - 1853 12 Bars
The Inland Office was set up to handle mail going outside of London to the Counties and Countries of Great Britain, whilst what was the London Two Penny Post became the Other Main department at the GPO - the District Post, handling mail in and around London.
At its inception this new office was given it's own set of numeral Maltese cross cancellation devices, followed a year later by the numeral in diamond hand-stamps.
All the numeral Maltese Cross devices has a cross at the top, however, the cross on top of the hand-stamp number 3 was damaged very early on in its history and remained in use without the cross until the Inland numerals in diamonds were introduced.
1843 Maltese Crosses
The first series of distinctive cancellations used at the London Inland Office were the numbers in Maltese Cross with crosses at the tops.
1844 - 1847 14 or 16 Bars
The first series was a set of Oval Diamond cancels issued in 1844 numbered 1-20. These had 14 or 16 Bars surrounding the oval.
Before the issue of the second series a cancel numbered 22 was issued to the Ship Letter Office This had 24 Bars.
1844 16 Bars - later issue
1844 15 Bars - later issue
1845 14 Bars - later issue
1846 13 Bars - later issue
1847 12 Bars
The second series was a set of Oval Diamond cancels issued in 1847 numbered 1-22. These had 12 thinner Bars surrounding the oval.
1847 - 1850 12 Bars
Between 1847 and 1850 the numbers were extended beyond 22 (to 31)
1850 9 Bars
Believed to have been a full set issued in 1850 These 9 Bar cancels are very difficult to find.
Numbers known in the GPO records are 4,5,9,19 & 22, but others have been seen.
Some numbered cancellations were comprised of two or three impressions to cancel multiple stamps at one time
1851 - 11 Bars
1851 - 13 Bars
1852 - 13 Bars
1852 - 1853 12 Bars
In July of 1852 the numbers were further extended to number 37
1852 11 Bars dated duplex
In the summer of 1852 a new double, (duplex,) type cancel was introduced which for the first time, (since the introduction of postage stamps), had a box containing the date and year.
The first numeral hand-stamp was number 38. It had a square boxed date portion and only 1 copy is known. Later it was replaced with cut into corners on the square portion.
Believed to have been used on Late Fee letters.
1852 11 Bars singles
By the end of the year the numbers had been extended yet again to include up to number 44 and any replacement devices of the earlier numbers were done in this format
PAGE::Adapted from Westley and other sources::