Newcastle (GB)

From Stamps of the World

1872 Two Shilling Blue, Cancelled Newcastle-On-Tyne.

Post Office Map for Newcastle upon Tyne Newcastle upon Tyne, commonly known as Newcastle, and historically known as Newcastle-on-Tyne, is a city and metropolitan borough in Tyne and Wear, North East England, situated on the north bank of the River Tyne and centred 8.5 mi (13.7 km) from the North Sea. It is the most populous city in North East England. The city lies at the urban core of the Tyneside conurbation, which is the seventh most populous conurbation in the United Kingdom and the most populous in the North East region. Newcastle is a member of the English Core Cities Group[4] and with Gateshead the Eurocities network of European cities. Newcastle was part of the county of Northumberland until 1400 when it became a county of itself; a status it retained until becoming part of the Tyne and Wear metropolitan county in 1974.

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Postal History The Main Post office in Newcastle occupied a prominent site near the Castle on St. Nicholas Street.

The Main Post OfficeGreen marker.png

Newcastle was a very busy office, and because of this it was rewarded by the GPO and a grand building was constructed. Whilst the building remains in Newcastle it is no longer used for any Postal Operations. The city grew up in the area that was the location of the Roman settlement called Pons Aelius, and it owes its name to the castle built in 1080, by Robert (II), Duke of Normandy, "Curthose", William the Conqueror's eldest son. The city grew as an important centre for the wool trade and it later became a major coal mining area. The port developed in the 16th century and, along with the shipyards lower down the river, was amongst the world's largest shipbuilding and ship-repairing centres. Newcastle's economy includes corporate headquarters, learning, digital technology, retail, tourism and cultural centres. Among its main icons are Newcastle Brown Ale, a leading brand of beer, Newcastle United F.C., a Premier League team, and the Tyne Bridge. It has hosted the world's most popular half marathon, the Great North Run, since it began in 1981. The regional nickname and dialect for people from Newcastle and the surrounding area is Geordie.

Pre-philately[edit]

Newcastle Straight Line cancel of 1752

Office Postmarks[edit]

545 Duplex of Newcastle-on-Tyne
545 Duplex of Newcastle-on-Tyne
545 Duplex of Newcastle-on-Tyne
NEWCASTLE ON TYNE. 1894 Code 9V 6
NEWCASTLE ON TYNE double arc 1853

Sub-Offices[edit]

Darras Hall Newcastle-on-Tyne, a large suburb to the north of Newcastle well known for its footballers houses. The Post Office is on Broadway.Blue marker.png
Forest Hall Newcastle-on-Tyne, a suburb to the north east of Newcastle, post office is at Station Road.Red marker.png
Newburn a small village on the north bank of the tyne up river from Newcastle. It is famous for being one end of Stephensons first test railway.Black marker.png
Westgate Hill Post office on the main western road out of Newcastle. This road (A69) is a roman road leading 70 miles west to Carlisle.Pink marker.png
Ponteland Post Office is 7 miles NW of the city centre.Blue Yellow marker.png


Telegraph and Other cancels[edit]

The Exchange buildings, Quayside[edit]

Newcastle held the Telegraph for the early shipping trade on the River tyne.

Newcastle on Tyne Quayside Telegraph Cancel Yellow marker.png

National Insurance Buildings[edit]

Newcastle has held the NI Buildings for over half a century. It still hosts the site of the Ministry of National Insurance at Benton, Newcastle. The ministry had their own Town Sub Office in the buildings by 1949, however it closed 19 June 1996.

NAT INSUE BLDGS : National Insurance Buildings Newcastle on Tyne on International Reply Coupons 1967 Purple marker.png

Edinr & Newcastle Sorting Tender[edit]

Part of the Great Britain Post Office functions was to use trains for distributing and sorting mail within the country. Special trains ran which had sorting carriages, they are classed as TPO (Travelling Post Offices)

Letter sent from Sunderland where the stamp was cancelled and on the reverse is the EDINR & NEWCASTLE SORTING TENDER as a transit mark.

Covers[edit]

Newcastle On Tyne, small ON typeGreen marker.png
1873 Newcastle on Tyne Registered (in red) and 18544 type 545 office cancels on a multi-franked cover. 4d registration rate pad with 2 x 2d blues plate 14, 1d rose-red, plate 140 and ½d rose-red bantam, plate 4.Green marker.png
NEWCASTLE on TYNE SHIP LETTER on Iceland postal card to Penzance, stamped on arrival.
NEWCASTLE ON TYNE Postal Card of 1878 Showing 545 duplex Code M.

Postcard Views[edit]

Newcastle on Tyne Bridges 1904 PC
Stampset.png 1963 Newcastle upon Tyne to Sofia, BG