The use of Allegories in the rise and fall of Fascism

From Stamps of the World


A look at the role of philatelic allegorical representations of Fascism from its beginnings to its demise.[edit]

FROM HUMBLE BEGINNINGS - The Etruscan model[edit]

The Rasenna tribes commonly known by their Roman attributed name of Etruscī (Roman name), became known as commonly as Etruscans. Were a group of cities on the Western coastline of Italy to the north of Rome in 750BC. Their name is the source of the current regions name of Tuscany. They were governed by a state system of Society, however regional Clan Chiefs and tribal chiefs still reported in and obeyed the central governing body.

The government was viewed as being a central authority, ruling over all tribal and clan organizations. It retained the power of life and death; in fact, the gorgon, an ancient symbol of that power, appears as a motif in Etruscan decoration. The adherents to this state power were united by a common religion. Political unity in Etruscan society was the city-state, which was probably the referent of methlum, "district". Etruscan texts name quite a number of magistrates, without much of a hint as to their function: The camthi, the parnich, the purth, the tamera, the macstrev, and so on. The people were the mech. The chief ruler of a methlum was perhaps a zilach.

The Main Etruscan Cities 750BC and their Modern conterparts.[edit]

Etruscan City Name Current City Name Etruscan City Name Current City Name
Felathri VOLTERRA Arretium AREZZO
Curtun CORTANA Perusia PERUGIA
Fufluna POPULONIA Vetluna VETULONIA
Clevsin Archeological Site Velch VULCI
Velzna VOLSINII Tarchna TARQUINIA
Veii VEII Caisra CAERE
1827 cover sent from Arezzo to Montepulciano

In the period 500BC to 750BC the Etruscan governance and theology grew, as did their expansion south towards Rome and north-east towards the Po river,Venecia and the Alps..

Etruscan City Name Current City Name Etruscan City Name Current City Name
Felsina BOLOGNA Spica RAVENNA
Atria ADRIA Mantua MANTUA
Alalia ALÉRIA Campeva CASERTA
Rome ROME
File:The use of Allegories in the rise and fall of Fascism b.jpg
Vetlunia was the founding site for the Fasces which became known as the allegorical instrument of power in the Etruscan model, which would later become the adopted symbol of modern Italian Fascism.
RAVENNA cover showing a Raven on the Fasces
Detail of Ravenna

General Notes[edit]

While fascism is generally considered to be on the right of the political spectrum. it is important to realize that Fascism and Nazism were socialist dictatorships. The communists, both the registered members of the communist parties and the fellow-travellers, stigmatize Fascism and Nazism as the highest and last and most depraved stage of capitalism. This is in perfect agreement with their habit of calling every party which does not unconditionally surrender to the dictates of Moscow—even the German Social Democrats, the classical party of Marxism—hirelings of capitalism.

It is of much greater consequence that the communists have succeeded in changing the semantic connotation of the term Fascism. Fascism, as will be shown later, was a variety of Italian socialism. It was adjusted to the particular conditions of the masses in overpopulated Italy. It was not a product of Mussolini's mind and will survive the fall of Mussolini. The foreign policies of Fascism and Nazism, from their early beginnings, were rather opposed to one another. The fact that the Nazis and the Fascists closely co-operated after the Ethiopian war, and were allies in the second World War, did not eradicate the differences between these two tenets any more than did the alliance between Russia and the United States eradicate the differences between Sovietism and the American economic system. Fascism and Nazism were both committed to the Soviet principle of dictatorship and violent oppression of dissenters. If one wants to assign Fascism and Nazism to the same class of political systems, one must call this class dictatorial regime and one must not neglect to assign the Soviets to the same class.

In recent years the communists' semantic innovations have gone even further. They call everybody whom they dislike, every advocate of the free enterprise system, a Fascist. Bolshevism, they say, is the only really democratic system. All non-communist countries and parties are essentially undemocratic and Fascist.


Items[edit]

Switzerland[edit]

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St Gallen coat of arms

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Italy[edit]

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Other Countries[edit]

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