Australia 1999 Snowy Mountains Scheme 50th Anniversary

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Australia 1999 Snowy Mountains Scheme 50th Anniversary stamp a.jpg
  • Issue Date: 12 August 1999
  • Designed by: Fragile Design
  • Printed by: SNP Ausprint
  • Print Process: Lithography
  • Stamp Size: 37.5 mm x 26 mm
  • Withdrawal date: 31 December 1999


Description

1999 marks the 50th anniversary of the Snowy Mountains Scheme – a Scheme that became a source of national pride in the post-war years and remains one of the greatest engineering projects undertaken in Australian history. The Snowy Mountains Scheme is widely regarded to be the most complex, multi-purpose, multi-reservoir hydro scheme in the world. It diverts water through huge trans-mountain tunnels (via power stations for the generation of electricity) before releasing it into the Murray and Murrumbidgee Rivers for irrigation or river management purposes. There are seven power stations, a pumping station and 16 major dams, 145 kilometres of interconnected trans-mountain tunnels and 80 kilometres of aqueducts that collect and divert water. Water collected and stored by the Snowy Mountains Scheme is used to generate renewable electricity without pollution before being released for irrigation.

Overall, between 1949 and 1974 some 100,000 people worked on the construction of the Scheme, two thirds of them migrant workers, with the workforce reaching a peak of 7,300 in 1959. The Snowy Mountains Scheme is widely recognised as the birthplace of successful multiculturalism in Australia. Workers from more than 30 countries worked on the Scheme. They came from Australia, Austria, Finland, Jordan, Russia, the United States, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, England, Germany, Norway, Sweden, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Switzerland, Turkey, Estonia, France, Portugal, Italy, Greece, Romania and the Ukraine, to name a few.


Stamps

Four values of 45c printed se-tenant.

Sheet Stamps

  • Perforations: 14 x 14½
  • Format: sheets of 50 (two panes of 25 separated by printed gutter)

45c Drilling and Rock Bolting Stamp

This stamp shows a driller at the Burns Creek heading at the Tooma-Tumut Tunnel (1959) and workers engaged in rock bolting in the Tumut 2 Power Station Hall (1959). Rock bolting is a process developed on the Scheme to stabilise tunnels.

45c Drilling and Rock Bolting

45c English Class Stamp

An English class for migrant workers at Cooma (1951) is depicted on this stamp.

45c English Class

45c Tailwater Tunnel and Eucumbene Dam Stamp

Featured on this stamp is the Tumut 2 Tailwater Tunnel (1960) and the Eucumbene Dam (1959).

45c Tailwater Tunnel and Eucumbene Dam

45c Carpenters and Island Bend Dam Stamp

A group of German carpenters (1951), and the Island Bend Dam is shown on this stamp.

45c Carpenters and Island Bend Dam

Se-tenant Block

Se-tenant block of 4 x 45c

Gutter Strip

The printed gutter strip features a Snowy Mountains landscape.

Gutter strip of 10 x 45c plus 5 labels


Self-adhesive Stamps

  • Perforations: serpentine die cut 11¾
  • Format: coils of 100

Single Stamps

45c Drilling and Rock Bolting
45c English Class
45c Tailwater Tunnel and Eucumbene Dam
45c Carpenters and Island Bend Dam

Coil Strip

Coil strip of 4 x 45c


First Day Covers

The first day of issue postmark was Cooma NSW 2630.

First day cover - sheet stamps
First day cover - self-adhesive stamps

Maximum Cards

45c Drilling and Rock Bolting maximum card
45c English Class maximum card
45c Tailwater Tunnel and Eucumbene Dam maximum card
45c Carpenters and Island Bend Dam maximum card


Presentation Pack

Presentation pack front cover
Presentation pack back cover
Presentation pack of se-tenant block of 4 x 45c