Australia 2005 Native Trees
- Issue Date : 8 August 2005
- Designed by : Lisa Christensen
- Photographed by: Peter McConchie and Jaime Plaza
- Printed by : SEP Sprint
- Print Process : Lithography
- Stamp size : 37.5mm x 26mm
- 1 Description
- 2 Stamps
- 3 First Day Covers
- 4 Maximum Cards
- 5 Presentation Pack
Trees are not just beautiful, they are a vital part of the system that sustains life on the planet. Without trees we have concrete jungles, deserts or tundras. Among other things, trees provide shelter from the wind, shade from the sun, nesting places for birds and other animals. There have also been a myriad of economic uses for trees, from supplying timber for construction and furniture-making, to railway sleepers and telegraph poles.
This stamp issue coincides with the 22nd International Union of Forest Research Organisations World Congress held from 8-13 August 2005 at the Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre. The theme for the 2005 Congress was Forests in the Balance: Linking Tradition and Technology.
- Perforations : 14 x 14¾
- Formats : sheets of 50 (two panes of 25 separated by printed gutter)
50c Snow Gum Stamp
The Snow Gum grows in the highest and coldest parts of southern Australia, in the Snowy Mountains, along the tablelands in southern New South Wales through Victoria to Tasmania. A small to medium sized spreading tree, the Snow Gum usually has a crooked trunk and many branches with distinctive beautiful smooth green, grey and cream bark. The bark changes to the vibrant colours of red, green, pink and orange when wet with rain or snow. The leaves are glossy, thick and waxy. The Snow Gum, although called “pauciflora” meaning few flowers, in fact flowers quite profusely and frequently with white blooms from October to January.
50c Wollemi Pine Stamp
One of the world’s oldest and rarest tree species, the Wollemi Pine was presumed extinct until re-discovered near Sydney in 1994. Dubbed “the botanical find of the century”, akin to finding a living dinosaur, extensive research is now underway in order to conserve this ancient species. Less than 100 mature trees exist in the wild. Wollemi Pines are members of the ancient Araucariaceae family, also known as Monkey Puzzle trees. These are plants of the southern hemisphere.
Ancient pollen samples show that the Wollemi Pine, or its near relatives, dominated the forests of the southern hemisphere for over 100 million years. Dramatic changes to the world’s climate about 2 million years ago led to their demise. The tree is being propagated for commercial release in 2005. Royalties from the sale of the trees will go to the Royal Botanic Garden to fund conservation efforts.
50c Boab Stamp
The Australian Boab is indigenous to the Kimberley region of northern Western Australia, where its distinctive shape has become symbolic of the region. Related to the Baobab tree of Africa, it is a large spreading tree up to 15 metres high with branches that radiate from the top of the trunk.
The barrel shaped trunk, with its smooth grey-brown bark, can grow to 20 metres in circumference. The tree flowers with large fragrant white blooms just before the wet season. The fruit are small to large woody capsules containing many kidney-shaped seeds. Aboriginal people carve Boab nuts as decorative ornaments and traditionally use parts of the tree for food, medicine, water supply, fibre, glue and shelter.
50c Karri Stamp
In the south-west of Western Australia fine forests of towering gum trees, known by their Aboriginal name Karri trees, once dominated the area. Most of the forests were cleared for farms and the great trees became the building materials for cities. The botanical name for this distinct tree, Eucalyptus diversicolor, refers to the contrast in leaf colour. With delicately marbled trunks, the graceful Karris can grow to great heights, up 75 metres –the tallest trees in Western Australia. It is also one of the most important timbers. Hard, tough and quite durable, it is used extensively for shipbuilding, flooring, and telegraph poles.
50c Moreton Bay Fig Stamp
The Moreton Bay Fig is best-known as a massive tree native to the rainforests of coastal New South Wales to northern Queensland. However, it can also take the form of a strangling vine, depending entirely on where the germinating seed lands. If the seed is deposited in the trunk of another tree and germinates there, its roots will spread down the trunk of the host tree which will eventually be strangled. If the seed lands on the ground and germinates, it will grow into a magnificent tree with thick glossy leaves with massive buttresses at the foot of its trunk and huge spreading roots.
- Perforations : serpentine die cut 11¼ x 11½ syncopated
- Format : coils of 100
First Day Covers
The first day of issue postmark was Forest Hill VIC 3131.