Austro-Hungarian Troups In The Turkish Empire - Eva Zehenter (German)
"I think we'll never see them again!"' *) - The k.u.k. troops in Turkey
- ) This sentence of Emperor Franz Josef I at the farewell of the first battery to Turkey reflects the situation in which the Austro-Hungarian troops found themselves: no knowledge of the expected situation, the fear of the unknown areas, the epidemics, the dangers of the desert, etc. determined the departure of the troops.
The Promise (Frame 1)
The question of Turkey's active connection to the central powers became acute in the early days of the outbreak of war in Europe. On 1 October 1914, Germany signed a secret treaty under which it committed itself to Turkey to transport the necessary war material to Turkey immediately after the opening of the direct link. Austria-Hungary signed this agreement and also signed this Arms Brotherhood Treaty. At the end of October 1914, Turkey entered the war as an ally of Germany and Austria-Hungary. Turkey, weakened by the Balkan wars, was unable to maintain its strategically important positions without the human and material support of the Central Powers. Now it was necessary to fulfill the promise of troops and supplies of materials.
Hierarchy (Frame 2)
The K.u.k. Wehrmacht was represented in Constantinople by Major General Josef Pomiankowski as military representative. He was administratively subordinated to the Ministry of War in Vienna. A dedicated staff was created around him, whose task was to prepare or later manage the upcoming missions on a larger scale.
From The Trench (Frame 3)
The troop stamps also had a postal function to perform by confirming the freedom of postage and they were confirmation of the censorship of the broadcasts. Furthermore, the troop stamps fulfil a historical function and give a picture of the structure, structure and organization of the öst.-ung. Wehrmacht. From the knowledge of the force and its use in war, it can be deduced where the respective collection comes from, whether in general or down to the place. Each command (authority, institution) and each, even the smallest part of the troops, had a troop stamp. Accordingly, the number and variety in the execution of the stamps is large. Depending on the number of soldiers in this force, such a stamp is either more frequent or rarer.
The Middlemen Front-Home (Frame 4)
The fieldpost was of immense importance as the only connection with the homeland. In addition to the sparsely granted leave, it in particular played a decisive role in the mental, motivation-enhancing or stabilizing area. This effect of fieldpost traffic was also clearly recognized and considered important by those responsible in the Supreme Army And in the fieldpost administration.
"I'm Healthy And I'm Doing Well" (Frame 5)
The opinion of Emperor Franz Josef I was shared by many - both at home and members of the troops in the field. And yet, thanks to the good training, technical support and well thought-out organization - but also through the various means - the officers and soldiers of the k.u.k. troops in Turkey were able not only to survive the desert war, but also to return home.