Cologne (DE)

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Cologne (German: Köln , Coeln historically, Colognian: Kölle ) is Germany's fourth-largest city (more than 1,000,000 inhabitants end 2013, after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich), and is the largest city both in the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and within the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Area, one of the major European metropolitan areas with more than ten million inhabitants. Cologne is located on both sides of the Rhine River. The city's famous Cologne Cathedral (Kölner Dom) is the seat of the Catholic Archbishop of Cologne. The University of Cologne (Universität zu Köln) is one of Europe's oldest and largest universities. During the 19th and 20th centuries, Cologne absorbed numerous surrounding towns, and by World War I had already grown to 700,000 inhabitants. Industrialization changed the city and spurred its growth. Vehicle and engine manufacturing were especially successful, though heavy industry was less ubiquitous than in the Ruhr area. It is subdivided into 9 districts. It was a District seat in the Prussian province of Rheinland, and a major railway station.

Postmarks in Germany

Meter cancels (all Periods)

Meter cancel Koln 1929.
Meter cancel Koln 1934.
Meter cancel Koln 1939.
Meter cancel Koln 1947.
Meter cancel Koln 1962.
Meter cancel Koln 1963.
Meter cancel Koln 1964.
Meter cancel Koln 1974.
Meter cancel Koln 1991.
Meter cancel Koln 1992.
Meter cancel Koln 1993.
Meter cancel Koln 1993.
Meter cancel Köln 2001.
Meter cancel Köln 2002.
Meter cancel Köln 2006.
Meter cancel Köln 2007.
Meter cancel Köln 2008.
Meter cancel Koln 2008.
Meter cancel Koln 2008.
Meter cancel Koln 2008.

Unified Germany

KÖLN-903, 1998, Postal code 51149
KÖLN-719 8. 1. 00.-13 50767

West Germany

KÖLN BPA 5 bridge in 1966
KÖLN 3 Code 5000 bridge in 1990

Cards and Covers

1966 Cologne to Sofia, BG

Allied Occupied Germany Postmarks

KÖLN-1 Hc 16.5.46.-8

Slogan Cancels

22c KÖLN 11.10.48
Vemeidet RUNDFUNK STÖRUNGEN (22) KÖLN 1 ac 15.4.46.

Postmarks in German Empire

Michel No. 34 from 1875, circle at Köln 5 on 02-05-1877
Bridge CÖLN in 1911.
DC CÖLN in April 1922.
Bridge CÖLN 7 in July 1923.
Bridge CÖLN in November 1923.
Bridge KÖLN in 1931.

Cards and Covers

CÖLN (RHEIN) 1 in 1906.

International Response Coupon

IRC issued in KÖLN 1928.

Railway postmarks

From COELN to CLEVE (1863), COBLENZ, FRANKFURT A.M., HANNOVER, MAINZ (1860) and VERVIERS (1852, Belgium).

Transit red VERVIERS - COELN in 1869.
Line FRANKFURT A.M. - COELN on the 1872 issue, 3 December hour VII.

Postmarks in North German Confederation

Until end 1871.

COELN horseshoe Hufeisen.

Postmarks in Prussia Rheinland province

Kreis COELN used a Postal code 258, seat of District Cöln.

4 rings 1748 red on the 1850 issue.
DC antiqua COELN on the 1858 issue.
DC COELN with year 1863.
Bahnpost MAINZ-COELN in 1867 (Kreuzer used in Hesse).