Copenhagen (Kjobenhavn (1841-1851), København, Kiobenhavn (1821-1841 only KI spelling, then 1841-1851 used in conjunction with KJ spelling), Københavnis) the capital and most populous city of Denmark. Copenhagen is situated on the eastern coast of Zealand, 42 km (26 mi) northwest of Malmö, Sweden and 164 km (102 mi) northeast of Odense. The city stretches across parts of the island of Amager and also contains the enclave of Frederiksberg, a municipality in its own right.Originally a Viking fishing village founded in the 10th century, Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark in the early 15th century. During the 17th century, under the reign of Christian IV, it developed into an important regional centre, consolidating its position as capital of Denmark and Norway with its institutions, defences and armed forces. After suffering from the effects of plague and fire in the 18th century, the city underwent a period of redevelopment which included the prestigious district of Frederiksstaden and cultural institutions such as the Royal Theatre and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. After further disasters in the early 19th century when Nelson attacked the Danish fleet and bombarded the city, there was a surprising recovery with the advent of the Danish Golden Age, bringing a Neoclassical look to Copenhagen's architecture. From the 1880s, after its ramparts were flattened, the city experienced a major expansion into the surrounding areas with housing for all those who came in from the provinces to participate in the area's industrial growth.The city's origin as a harbour and a place of commerce is reflected in its name. Its original designation, from which the contemporary Danish name is derived, was Køpmannæhafn, meaning "merchants' harbour", often simply Hafn or Havn.
- 1 Views of the Town on Stamps
- 2 Postmarks
- 3 Cards and Covers
- 4 Pictorial & Slogan Cancels (known as TMS (Tekst Maskin Stempler) cancels)
- 5 Meter cancels
- 6 Roller Cancels
- 7 Special Cancels
- 8 Copenhagen-Malmo (Sweden) Sea Post
- 9 København (Jb.P.) Rail Posts
Views of the Town on Stamps
Three ring cancels with K, V, N and Ø where used in the period of 1895-1903 for the different area's of Copenhagen K for Center, N for North, V for West and Ø for East.
In 1849 the Private Posts were abolished and the Post Office took over the Foot Posts (delivery) within the city. A special cancel was used for city mails.
Cards and Covers
Pictorial & Slogan Cancels (known as TMS (Tekst Maskin Stempler) cancels)
Tivoli Gardens (or simply Tivoli) is an amusement park and pleasure garden in Copenhagen, Denmark. The park opened on 15 August 1843 and is the second-oldest operating amusement park in the world.
Støt Grønlandsfonden Giro 3 cancel of Copenhagen 3 OMK. The stamp was issued as part of the fund to aid Greenland by Denmark.
Copenhagen-Malmo (Sweden) Sea Post
A Ferry service has operated between Copenhagen and Malmo for many decades mail started to be carried from the 1850's, early mail was marked Fra Sverige M.
København (Jb.P.) Rail Posts
Copenhagen Railway Post was allocated the number 34 Numeral.
East Zealand Railway- Copenhagen
Copenhagen East Zealand Railway Post was allocated the number 212 Numeral.
Kjøbenhavn-Gjedser Rail Bureau
A Rail service operated between Copenhagen and Gedser on the island of Sjæland.