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Gothenburg (Swedish: Göteborg) is the second-largest city in Sweden, fifth-largest in the Nordic countries, and capital of the Västra Götaland County. It is situated by Kattegat, on the west coast of Sweden, and has a population of approximately 570,000 in the city proper and about 1 million inhabitants in the metropolitan area.

The city was named Göteborg in the city's charter in 1621 and simultaneously given the German and English name Gothenburg. The Swedish name was given after the Göta älv, called Göta River in English, and other cities ending in -borg.

Both the Swedish and German/English names were in use before 1621 and had already been used for the previous city founded in 1604 that burned down in 1611. Gothenburg is one of few Swedish cities to still have an official and widely used exonym.

In the 18th century, fishing was the most important industry. However, in 1731, the Swedish East India Company was founded, and the city flourished due to its foreign trade with highly profitable commercial expeditions to China.

The harbour developed into Sweden's main harbour for trade towards the west, and when Swedish emigration to the United States increased, Gothenburg became Sweden's main point of departure for these travellers. The impact of Gothenburg as a main port of embarkation for Swedish emigrants is reflected by Gothenburg, Nebraska, a small Swedish settlement in the United States.

With the 19th century, Gothenburg evolved into a modern industrial city that continued on into the 20th century.

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Postmark Examples

GÖTEBORG in 1889.
GÖTEBORG in 1893.
GÖTEBORG in 1938.
GÖTEBORG in 1962.
GÖTEBORG in 1971.
GÖTEBORG in 2009.
Post-exhibition "Haydn and his time", Haydn signature Apr 1773 and notes for his trumpet concert, 28 Dec 1982
Postal exhibition Goteborg "Musical Instrument" trumpet, 4 Sep 1986

Meter cancels

Meter cancel Goteborg 1952
Meter cancel Goteborg 1957
Meter cancel Goteborg 1959
Meter cancel Goteborg 1963
Meter cancel Goteborg 1980
Meter cancel Goteborg 1981
Meter cancel Goteborg 1985
Meter cancel Goteborg 1987
Meter cancel Goteborg 1988
Meter cancel Goteborg 1988
Meter cancel Goteborg 1989

Cards and Covers

Lic_2_14.X.27_Cover sent from Goteborg to Frederikssund (Denmark) 1927
Cover from Goteborg to Malmö, 1928. Meter cancel used.
Cover from Goteborg to Karlstad 26-8-1931. Addressee had moved to Edane. Meter cancel used.
Reverse of Cover from Goteborg to Karlstad. Arrival stamp Karlstad 28-8-1931.