Italy 1930 Virgil

From Stamps of the World
  • Edition : "Poste del Regno d'Italia", commemorative stamps of the issue "2000th Anniversary of birth of Virgil"; the so-called "Virgil-issue of 1930"; meant is Publius Vergilius Maro (69 BC - 18 BC); issue of 9 stamps
  • Issue Dates : 21 October 1930
  • Catalogue numbers : Michel No. 345-353; Yvert & Tellier: No. 263-271; Scott: No. 248-256
  • Color :
brown (15 C.) - orange to red (20 C.) - green (25 C.) - dark violet (30 C.) - ...
...- blueish violet (50 C.) - dark rosa (75 C.) - blue (1.25 C.) - ...
...- reddish brown (5+1.50 L.) - greygreen (10+2.50 L.)
  • Watermark : Italy No.1 (crown)
  • Nominal value :
15 Centesimi - 20 Centesimi - 25 Centesimi -...
...- 30 Centesimi - 50 Centesimi - 75 Centesimi -...
...- 1.25 Lire - 5+1.50 Lire - 10+2.50 Lire
(The surcharges of the higher values were destinated for the restauration of Virgilian monuments in Italy.)
  • Postal validity : to 15 October 1931
  • Designed by :
Corrado Mezzana (1890-1952) (design)
Alberto Repettati (engraving of the both surcharged values)
  • Printery : "Officina carte valori", Rome
  • Print Process :
rotogravure (photogravure) (15 C. - 1.25 L.)
calcography (recess printing) (5+1.50 L., 10+2.50 L.)
  • Perforations : block perforation, B 14
  • Stamp Size : printed area of a single stamp without signature line: 32.0 x 21.0 mm

Commemorative stamps of the so-called "Virgil-issue of 1930"
"antiquam exquinite matrem" = Latin for "Seek out your ancient mother"
all drawings by Corrado Mezzana (1890-1952)

Michel No. 345, 15 C., mint
Michel No. 345, 15 C., postmarked in Meran, 13-05-1931
Michel No. 346, 20 C., mint
Michel No. 345, 20 C., postmarkedin Lonato (Lonato dl Gardia)
Michel No. 347, 25 C., mint
Michel No. 347, 25 C., postmarked in Genoa, 10-1930
Michel No. 348, 30 C., mint
Michel No. 348, 30 C., postmarked
Michel No. 349, 50 C., mint
Michel No. 349, 50 C., postmarked
Michel No. 350, 75 C., mint
Michel No. 350, 75 C., postmarked in Meran, 1931
Michel No. 351, 1.25 L., mint
Michel No. 351, 1.25 L., postmarked in Bordighera (Liguria, Prov. Imperia
Michel No. 352, 5+1.50 L., mint
Michel No. 352, 5+1.50 L.., postmarked
Michel No. 353, 10+2.50 L., mint
Michel No. 353, 10+2.50 L., postmarked

15 C.: "Helenus greets Aeneas"; The Latin inscription "Ecce tibi ausoniae tellus hanc arripe velis" means "See. There is the land of Ausonia, destined to you. Hurry over there." is a quotation from Virgil "Aeneas", book 3, verse 477-479 (but also contented in Virgil's "Georgics")
Helenus (Eleno) = the son of King Priam of Troy

20 C. : "Aeneas receive from Anchises the mandate to rule the people"; The Latin insciption "Tu regere imperio populos romane memento." is a quotation from Virgil "Aeneas", book 6, verse 851 and means "You, Roman, remember to rule peoples with your power."
Anchises = King of Dardania near Troya

25 C.: "Aeneas is landing on the Tiber and is greeting the new land"; The Latin inscription "Salve fatis mihi debita tellus vosque ait" (only a part of the full sentence at Virgil) is a quotation of Virgil "Aeneas", book 7, verse 116 and means "Greeting, you land promised to me by destiny and also you, Troja's faithful pinates, are greeted. This is our home, this is our homeland."
pinates = mythological guardian deities (originally guardians for stocks)

30 C.: "Greeting to the "Terra d'Italia""; The Latin inscription "Salve magna parens frugum saturnia tellus" is a quotation from Virgil "Georgics", book 2, verse 173 and means "Hail Saturnian land (= Italy), great mother of crops, great mother of men."

50 C.: "The wealth of the peasant"; The Latin inscription "Fortunatos nimium sua si bona norint agricolas." is a quotation from Virgil "Georgics", book 2, verse 458 and means "The farmers would count themselves lucky if they only knew how good they had it."

75 C.: "The family"; The Latin inscription "Intera dulces pendent circum oscula nati casti pudicitam" is a quotation from Virgil "Georgics", book 2, verse 523-524 and means "Welcome their fathers late return at night. His faithful bed is crowned with chaste delight."

1.25 L.: "Anchise in view of Italy"; The Latin inscription "Italiam laeto socii clamore salviant" is a quotation from Virgil "Aeneas", book 3, verse 524 and means "And Italy welcomed the heroes with cheerful hollers."

5+1.50 L.: "Pastoral life"; The Latin inscription "Hic focus et taedae pingues hic plurimus ignis" are the word of Thyrsis what is a quotation from Virgil "Bucolica", ecloge 7, verse 49 what means "Here is a stove and resinous pinewood and here is a plenty fire."

10+2.50 L.: "Turno inates his men"; The Latin inscription "Et opes nobis et adhuc intacta inventus" is an incomplete quotation from Virgil "Aenaeis", book 11, verse 419 and mean "But if power still and unharmed still us the youth....".
Thyrrhenos (Turno) was the King of Rutuli (in Italy) and chief antagonist of the Aeneas after his landing on the Tiber river. His so-called "Turor impius" is a characteristical term for "godless and unscrupulous ravings".