Mulhouse (FR)

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Mulhouse (pronounced [myluz]; German: Mülhausen) is a city (108,999 inhabitants end 2015) in eastern France, close to the Swiss and German borders. It is the largest city in the Haut-Rhin département Mulhouse is famous for its museums, especially the Cité de l’Automobile (also known as "Musée national de l’automobile") and the Musée Français du Chemin de Fer (also known as "Cité du train"), respectively the largest automobile and railway museums in the world.

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Postmarks in France

Postal codes 68224, 68100, 68200

Meter cancels

Meter cancel 1994

In the 1870-1918 German Empire period

Hufeisen in 1871 on the Alsace-Lorraine issue.
MÜHLHAUSEN i.ELS.Hufeisen in 1872.
DC MÜHLHAUSEN i.ELSASS in 1873.
Frame MÜLHAUSEN ELSASS in 1888.
Bridge in 1912.

Slogan postmarks

Covers and cards

German era 1871-1918

After the Prussian victory in the Franco-Prussian War (1870–1871), Mulhouse was annexed to the German Empire as part of the territory of Alsace-Lorraine (1871–1918). The city was briefly occupied by French troops on 8 August 1914 at the start of World War I, but they were forced to withdraw two days later in the Battle of Mulhouse. Alsatians who celebrated the appearance of the French army were left to face German reprisals, with several citizens sentenced to death. After World War I ended in 1918, French troops entered Alsace, and Germany ceded the region to France under the Treaty of Versailles. After the Battle of France in 1940, it was occupied by German forces until its return to French control at the end of World War II in May 1945.

Cover used at MÜHLHAUSEN in ELSASS in 1870.
1886 10pf German Reich Postal card sent from Mülhausen (Els) to Moutier, Switzerland where it received an ambulant (Bahnpost) N°44 from Basel-Biel-Moutiers (Bern) cancel on the arrival the same day. Despatch to address on the following day.
Transitting Letter mark of Bienne.