Wuppertal is a city (354,382 inhabitants end 2018) in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in and around the river Wupper valley, the largest city in the Bergisches Land. Historically, in the Rhineland province of Prussia, District of Düsseldorf. Wuppertal is known for its steep slopes, its woods and parks, and its suspension railway, the Wuppertal Schwebebahn. Two-thirds of the total municipal area of Wuppertal is green space.
During the 18th and 19th centuries, the Wupper valley was one of the largest industrial regions of continental Europe. The increasing demand for coal from the textile mills and blacksmith shops encouraged the expansion of the nearby Ruhrgebiet. Wuppertal still is a major industrial centre, being home to industries such as textiles, metallurgy, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, electronics, automobiles, rubber, vehicles and printing equipment.
Aspirin originates from Wuppertal, patented during 1897 by Bayer, as is the Vorwerk- Kobold vacuum cleaner. Wuppertal in its present borders was formed during 1929 by merging the industrial cities of Barmen and Elberfeld with the villages Beyenburg, Cronenberg, Langerfeld, Ronsdorf and Vohwinkel. The initial name Barmen-Elberfeld was changed in a 1930 referendum to Wuppertal ("Wupper Valley").
The Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy and the European Institute for International Economic Relations are located in the city.
Postmarks in Germany
Meter cancels (all periods)
Postmarks in German Empire
see Wuppertal-Elberfeld (DE) for ELBERFELD.
see Wuppertal-Barmen (DE) for BARMEN.
Postmarks in North German Confederation
Postmarks in Prussia Rheinland province
BARMEN Kreis used a Postal code 70; ELBERFELD Kreis used a Postal code 373. BEYENBURG 122 & RONSDORF 1256 (in Kreis LENNEP); CRONENBERG 283 & VOHWINKEL 1554 (in Kreis METTMANN).