Australia 2004 Eureka Stockade Anniversary

From Stamps of the World
Australia 2004 Eureka Stockade Anniversary 50c.jpg
  • Issue Date : 29 June 2004
  • Designed by : Janet Boschen
  • Printed by : SNP Sprint
  • Print Process : Lithography
  • Perforations : 14 x 14½
  • Dimensions: 37.5mm x 26mm
  • Format: sheets of 50 (two panes of 25)


Description

This issue commemorates the 150th anniversary of the Eureka Stockade. The Battle of the Eureka Stockade came after years of increasing dissatisfaction on the Victorian Goldfields and a growing desire for more representative and responsible government. The events of Eureka and the public’s response to those events were perhaps the most important early steps on the path to the robust, direct democracy Australia is today.

Stamps

50c Eureka Flag Stamp

The 50c stamp features a representation of the Eureka Flag, which at the time was called the flag of the Southern Cross. The flag has become a symbol of democratic rights and freedoms and is identified as a flag of the people. The original holds pride of place in the Ballarat Fine Art Gallery. The Eureka flag was first flown to rally people to Bakery Hill on 29 November 1854, the “Monster Meeting” of the Ballarat Reform League. The Ballarat Times reported that “there is no flag in Europe, or in the civilised world half so beautiful”.

50c Eureka flag

$2.45 Peter Lalor Stamp

The $2.45 stamp uses an image of Peter Lalor, the man who led the diggers at the stockade. He joined the Ballarat Reform League when political tension on the fields was high, and later emerged as the leader of the diggers. At Bakery Hill, Lalor called on the men to swear loyalty to their new flag. He was seriously wounded in the attack at the stockade.

The stamp design also uses Lalor’s signature and a sketch by Charles Alphonse Doudiet, a Swiss-born Canadian who participated in the Eureka rebellion. The sketch, Swearing Allegiance to the Southern Cross 1854, shows the diggers taking the oath on Bakery Hill on 30 November 1854.

$2.45 Peter Lalor

Prestige Booklet

Prestige booklet cover
Prestige booklet back


Miniature Sheet

  • Dimensions: 106mm x 69mm

The miniature sheet features the diggers’ oath and two more sketches by Charles Alphonse Doudiet. These sketches, from the Ballarat Fine Art Gallery, have been important in establishing the events at Eureka. At left is Eureka Riot 17th October 1854, which resulted in the burning of Bentley’s hotel where James Scobie had been drinking before he was killed, and on the right, Eureka Slaughter 3rd December 1854. A digger’s licence is printed in the bottom left of the miniature sheet.

Miniature Sheet of 2

First Day Covers

The first day of issue postmark was Ballarat VIC 3350.

First day cover - single stamps
First day cover - miniature sheet
Postal Numismatic Cover


Maximum Cards

50c Eureka Flag maximum card
$2.45 Peter Lalor maximum card


Presentation Pack

Presentation pack front cover
Presentation pack back cover
Presentation pack of 2 values plus miniature sheet