Great Britain Single Frankings

From Stamps of the World


8d rated letter of May 1948 paying 3d registered & 5d airmail to Norway.

Individual uses for GB pre-decimal stamps May 1840 – February 1972

General Introduction James Heal

Pre-decimal postage stamps and postal stationery were available at times in up to 31 different denominations from ½d to £5. Some are ubiquitous, others only had very limited use and some were only available as postal stationery; these few registered envelopes are in a separate tab and by no ways complete.

Stamps used to be issued for specific purposes and, when their need dried up, withdrawn. With the introduction of the so-called Jubilee series in 1887 a range of stamps in most denominations up to 1/- was issued, although some only had limited individual use. Of course, they could always be used to make up other rates. This system continued for most of the definitive series issued up to and including the Machins. The series had individual values added and sometimes removed but there were still plenty of more exotic items, whose need as individual stamps was small. Most commemorative stamps issued were planned for specific needs and often fitted the occasion during the EII era. The most striking case ignoring any practical use was the 1961 CEPT group with 2d, 4d and 10d stamps, none of which paid a first step rate of any kind, neither inland nor foreign.

The use potential of lower value stamps decreased in the EII period thanks to rising prices, so it is often difficult to find these used on their own. The same rarity applies to the high values of earlier periods. I have left out the £5 as postal use is practically non existent. 3 reference works are indispensable for working out rates: "British Letter Mail to Overseas Destinations 1840 to UPU" by Jane Moubray, second edition published by the RPSL is the most useful and complete overview for this period. "British Civilian Postage Rates of the 20th Century" by Michael Furfie published by the author nearly 20 years ago has an excellent overview of the last century. On the GBPS website Maurice Buxton has put together a superb listing of various rates to complement these and includes inland parcel post rates. I still struggle with parcels going abroad as the destination is not readily available. Forces rates in the last century are also beyond me. Please excuse my maybe excessive mention of Weston-super-Mare covers (my home town) which are part of my special collection and feel free to visit my page under postmarks showing the development of same there from the early 1800's on.

The set-up of this page is to follow the development of the issues by value, so logically in chronological order as far as possible. As commemoratives did not actually replace definitives, I have followed the lead by the SG specialized catalogues and put the definitives first and then the commems. When different usages were possible, I have tried to show these. More exotic destinations and usages are always welcome additions! It automatically shows the short lifespans of some stamps, not readily seen in the normal catalogues. Most items are from my collection, my friend Olaf Groth has also contributed and in some cases I have used items from other sources (with references). There are slots still to fill for which placeholders have been included. I have sometimes included inverted and sideways watermarks as well as phosphor alternatives, although they cannot usually be seen on the scans – you will just have to take my word for it! Shades are often very subjective, so have only been included when clear. I have decided against a tab for plates of the 1d red. There are so many of these, some 400 in all, many of which were used with several different stamp categories so some 600 altogether, compared to the approximate 3000 for all the rest! For this exercise the line-engraved penny stamps are fairly boring as their usage was almost always the same - just inland letters, first weight step. In the main listing I have just included examples of the different groups and some less usual usages. Due to the numbers available I have added tabs für 1d Controls, 1½d Controls and 1½d Advert Panes.

Please feel free to add covers to illustrate usages and any missing items. Please only single usage covers with correct postage; there has to be a logical cut-off point! Please excuse the very few items listed which are not single usage but near impossible as such, at least at correct rates. Registered covers with pre-printed stamps are therefore only acceptable if without further stamps. Underpaid items are acceptable, also if postage due markings have been applied but NOT please if postage due stamps have been added, as then no longer "single usage". Small overpayment is acceptable if it is not clearly philatelic. First Day Covers are ok if at correct rates and preferably commercial usage = not special covers with special postmarks, although these are acceptable as place holders until something better turns up! Cinderella labels without any value are also okay to include, as they do not have any influence on the postage rate. Please put your name in brackets at the end of the text so we can keep track of ownership.

Just as a reminder: QV line-engraved and embossed stamps together with most surface printed ones were valid for use until May 31st 1901, only the 1d lilac, the 8d, 2/- and £5, the 3 high values with coloured corner letters and the Jubilee series including the green £1 were valid until June 30th 1915. The 1d fiscal stamps were released for postal usage from June 1st 1881 and the other values January 1st 1883 and as far as I know valid until June 30th 1915. All Departmental Overprinted Officials were invalidated May 14th 1904. All other EVII stamps were valid until March 31st 1930 and all LSD stamps were invalidated February 29th 1972.

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The standard Stanley Gibbons Catalogue is not arranged chronologically but includes all the line-engraved stamps before the embossed ones and they before the surface-printed range. This can often give the impression that the first halfpenny “bantam” stamps were issued early on. In fact, they did not appear until 1870, 30 years after the Penny Black, after the embossed stamps and after the surface-printed range without corner letters, with small white corner letters and almost all the ones with large white corner letters! There had even been a first 5/- stamp issued before the humble halfpenny came into its own! There were about 20 different halfpenny stamps “face different”, 3 of them commemoratives. They were always in the portfolio of the post office, even after there was any real use for them. The purchasing power of the 1870 halfpenny was approximately 30p in 2019, but the nominal value is 0.6p. The coin ceased to be legal tender in 1969, whereas the stamps from GV onwards were not invalidated until 29. Feb. 1972. However, last possible usage as a single franking was 30. April 1940 (inland printed papers) or 9 years later (foreign printed papers). As a certificate of posting for unregistered items ½d was still the fee until 30. September 1957, so the only way to get the GVI orange halfpenny or any EII versions without postage due!

Queen Victoria The bantams were issued in 15 plates from 1870-1880 without 2,7,16.17 or 18. Usually printed paper rate but postcards and bookpost can be found:

SG48 plate 1
SG48 plate3
SG48 plate 3 postcard 1873
SG48 plate 4
SG48 plate 5
SG48 plate 6
SG48 plate 6 picture postcard 1900
SG48 plate 8
SG48 plate 9
SG48 plate 10
SG48 plate 11
SG48 plate 12
SG48 plate 13
SG48 plate 14
SG48 plate 15
SG48 plate 19 to USA
SG48 plate 19 bookpost to Germany
SG48 plate 20
SG48 plate 6 with postage due (Olaf)
SG48 plate 19 inland bookpost (Olaf)
SG48 plate 5 bookpost with interesting postage due marking (Bygones of Bridlington)


There were 4 surface-printed halfpenny stamps, the 1880 green “provisional”, the same design but in blue in the 1884 “Lilac & Green” issue, then the vermilion Jubilee issue with change of colour to blue-green in 1900 to conform with UPU regulations:


SG165 pale green
SG164 deep green book post to Germany
SG187
SG187 to France
SG197 perfin with a Bickerdike cancel
SG197 to Norway
SG197 to Germany
SG197 with control N on postcard
SG197 postcard
SG197 book post to Germany
SG197 book post to Uruguay
SG213 postcard
SG213 printed paper to Germany


Officials are to be found using all 4 surface-printed stamps:


SGO2 green Inland Revenue
SGO5 blue Inland Revenue
SGO13 vermilion Inland Revenue
SGO41 vermilion Army Official
SGT1 Telegraph stamp used for book post, not really allowed!


Postal Stationery was also abundant - catalogue numbers from Collect British Postal Stationery (Huggins & Baker):


CP(=Post Office Issues - cards)2
CP3 with red cancellation
CP6 with Hoster cancellation
CP21a Die II
CP21b Die III
CP29b
CP39 outward and reply stamps, unfortunately reply unused
CP40a
CPP3 Glasgow 1882 (Huggins)
CS(=Stamped to Order cards)1a
CS1a as well
CS1c
CS1c too
CS1c again
CS1c another
CS2 with experimental IIB squared circle
ES(=Stamped to Order envelopes)18a
ES28
LO34 complete Vaccination certificate din A3
WP(=Post Office issue newspaper wrapper)6 with DLR perfin
WP6 to Germany
WP15 to Germany
WP16 to Germany
WS(=Stamped to Order newspaper wrappers)4 to Germany
WS2 (Empire Collectables)


King Edward VII

There were 4 EVII issues: Perf 14 DLR in 2 colours and from May 1911 Harrison, then in October Perf 15x14 Harrison. Harrison had mostly duller greens and the halo effect around the head but some quite striking shades:


SG215 DLR dark green
SG215 DLR dark green bookpost to Germany
SG215 DLR dark green printed paper to USA with control C4 continuous Jubilee line
SG215 DLR dark green postcard at PP rate to Belgium
SG215 DLR dark green postcard at PP rate to France
SG215 DLR dark green printed paper wrapper to Switzerland
SG217 DLR yellowish green postmark Wales?
SG217 DLR yellowish green postcard at PP rate to Belgium with stamp on both sides - reverse
SG217 DLR yellowish green postcard at PP rate to Belgium with stamp on both sides - front
SG217 DLR yellowish green printed paper to Germany
SG217 DLR yellowish green postcard at PP rate to Holland
SG217 DLR yellowish green postcard at PP rate to France
SG217 DLR yellowish green newspaper to France
SG217 DLR yellowish green book post wrapper to Germany
SG217aWi DLR yellowish green with inverted watermark and St. Andrew's Cross vertically
SG217wi DLR yellowish green with inverted watermark
SG217 DLR yellowish green Certificate of Posting with control H8
SG217a DLR yellowish green with St. Andrew's Cross horizontally
SG268 H P14 dull green
SG271 H P14 bright green (fine) to Belgium - stamp accepted on the picture side
SG267wi H P14 inverted watermark
SG267 H P14 Certificate of Posting with control A11
SG279a H 15x14 deep dull green blotchy
SG279 H 15x14 pale bluish printed paper


Officials – the DLR stamps were used with IR, OW, Army, Board of Education, RH and Admiralty (both overprints):


SGO20 IR Official form with reply and 1d IR stamp unfortunately not posted back
SGO48 Army Official


Postal Stationery seems less plentiful:


CP43
CP45(2)
EP40 so Post Office envelopes
CP50 outward
CP50 return part
EP48
ES30
ES40
WP19
WP21
WS8
WS11


King George V

Downey Heads were made with Die 1A, 1B and 2 with 3 different watermarks in their short life; there was only one rare Somerset House printing though (multiple cypher B.12):


SG322 Die 1A
SG322 Die 1A printed paper inland
SG322 Die 1A printed paper to USA
SG322 Die 1A Certificate of Posting
SG322a Die 1A Perf 14 postmarked Great Yarmouth (anon)
SG324 Die 1B watermark Crown
File:Great Britain Single Frankings halfdD KGV g.jpg
SG334 Die 1B watermark Simple Cypher
SG338 Die 2 watermark Crown bluish green
SG339 Die 2 watermark Crown printed paper to Germany
SG340a Die 2 watermark Crown yellow green - no cross on crown
SG344 Die 2 watermark Simple Cypher
SG346 Die 2 watermark Multiple Cypher
SG346a Die 2 watermark Multiple Cypher inverted
SG346 Die 2 watermark Multiple Cypher underpaid paquebot so postage due 1d.
SG346 Die 2 watermark Multiple Cypher Certificate of Posting


The Royal Cypher first definitive series (Profile Head) has 18 listed shades in the 4 Kings catalogue. As SG mentions, this series should really be split into 3 with pre-war, wartime and post-war issues, due to the difficulties of replacing the German aniline dyes. Somerset House prints in 1913 can only be distinguished by stamps with control attached (B.13). The multiple cypher watermark issue originally from coils is usually seen as part of this series. The second series with the Block Cypher watermark has less shades but there are the provisional printings by Harrison in 1934 to look out for (Control U34 and V34). The photogravure issue (third series) came in 2 distinct formats:


SG351 Royal Cypher pre-war issue with control D14
SG351 Royal Cypher pre-war issue postcard to Holland
SG351 Royal Cypher wartime issue with control G15
SG351 Royal Cypher post-war issue printed paper posted 1923
SG418 Block Cypher printed paper with control H27
SG418a Block Cypher with sideways watermark, printed paper
SG418 Block Cypher printed paper to Russia
SG418Wi Block Cypher inland printed paper
SG418 Block Cypher printed paper rate allowed for a postcard to Belgium with little text
SG418 Block Cypher Certificate of Posting
SG439 Photogravure intermediate format printed paper rate
SG439 Photogravure intermediate format printed paper rate to USA and redirected.
SG439 Photogravure small format printed paper rate to Germany
SG439 Photogravure small format printed paper rate to Australia from Weston-super-Mare
SG439a Photogravure small format printed paper rate with inverted watermark


Commemoratives PUC in 1929 and Silver Jubilee with 3 types were issued:


SG434 PUC printed paper rate with typical triangular undated postmark (Glasgow)
SG434 PUC certificate of posting
SG434a PUC sideways watermark printed paper rate with typical triangular undated postmark (London)
SG453 Silver Jubilee Type I printed paper rate to USA
SG453 Silver Jubilee Type I printed paper rate
SG453 Silver Jubilee Type I printed paper rate to Austria
SG453 Silver Jubilee Type I Certificate of Posting


Postal Stationery for this value was not so important; meters came into their own which fit in here:


CP58a FDC addressed to my grandfather, sent by my uncle
CP58b
CP59a
EP68 to Germany
ES42 light green from 1914
ES42 darker green from 1930
ES42 cut out
WP25a to Germany
WP25b perfinned BR
1922 Dundee Paid meter with BEE Lion advert
1928 Bristol Paid meter
1930 Bristol Paid meter
1931 London Paid meter
1930 A4A Universal Meter
1930 A1 Pitney Bowes Meter


King Edward VIII

Only 4 normal postage stamps were issued with the head of EVIII:


SG457 printed paper
SG457 printed paper FDC to Australia
SG457 printed paper to Jerusalem


King George VI


Printed papers could still be sent inland for ½d until 30 April 1940, foreign printed papers until 30 April 1949. The green, pale green and pale orange definitives could also have been used on certificates of posting before the rate went up to 1d in October 1957! The single GVI commemorative was issued chronologically within the definitives, after the dark green stamp:


SG462 FDC printed paper rate to Germany and redirected with 1935 (?) handstamp
SG462 postcard to France at printed paper rate
SG462 printed paper rate to USA
SG462 printed paper rate to Switzerland
SG485 printed paper rate to Argentina
SG485 Certificate of Posting
SG485 Certificate of Posting to USA
SG485 newspaper wrapper to USA with HMSO perfin
SG479 FDC underpaid as the printed paper rate had gone up to 1d a few days earlier
SG479 unadressed cover posted in Japan on board at foreign printed paper rate


Queen Elizabeth II


EII had the same problems of course, that the stamp was basically only used for make-up purposes, apart from CoP, unless of course someone tried their luck underpaying!


SG515 Tudor Crown on Certificate of Posting
SG540 Edward Crown booklet stamp underpaid 2d for inland letter rate, 4d postage due box but presumably cancelled!
SG610 Multiple Crowns, S12 two violet phosphor bands underpaid 2½d for inland printed paper rate, 5d postage due box but changed to 7d as the cover is slightly sealed so counted as a letter and therefore 3½d underpaid!
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Penny – the mother of all stamps!

The Penny Black – everybody has heard of it, collector or not. The first stamp ever issued in the world 06 May 1840 and a classic. Of course, it served a specific purpose, ½ ounce inland letter; 05 October 1871 increased to 1 ounce, 22 June 1897 to 4 ounces and 01 November 1915 dropped back to 1 ounce. It was always part of the range of issues, even during the reign of EVIII and up to the Machin period. Postage stamps, officials, postal fiscals, stationery, an enormous area, even excluding the multitude of plates (some 600 altogether including multiple usages within different groupings).


Queen Victoria


There were 12 plates of Penny Blacks, well researched for decades, the colour became lighter with use mutating from an intense black through black to greyish black. Various repairs were made to the plates but that would be too specialized for a general presentation like this one. The 12 plates should be shown though. SG1-3 / A1

Plate 1a AS (Olaf)
Plate 1b MI (Olaf)
Plate 2 JK (Stanley Gibbons)
Plate 3 CA with extra cancel TP Greenwich (Olaf)
Plate 4 JH with magenta Carlisle Maltese Cross
Plate 5 FI with vermilion Bristol Maltese Cross
Plate 6 QK Falmouth India Letter
Plate 7 DD more to pay cancel and 2 in manuscript
Plate 8 PK (Olaf)
Plate 9 PA
Plate 10 NB from Liverpool
Plate 10 OF red Maltese Cross (Olaf)
Plate 11 DA (Argyll Etkin)
Plate 11 DF (Andrew Vaughan)


Early 1841 the first Penny Reds appeared, 7 of the original black plates were used, which have always been specifically collected. SG7 / A2

Plate 1b TC with Norwich Maltese Cross
Plate 8 SD from Liverpool
Plate 10 FH with Forfar Maltese Cross (Olaf)

Plates 12-36 are known as the Maltese Cross range of plates with 37-45 the transitional period with MX and 1844 style postmarks. SG8-12 / B1 / BS1-BS26(H)

Plate 25 LK Hastings Maltese Cross
Plate 33 TB BS22a double letter Lancaster Maltese Cross
Plate 35 EH Beaminster Maltese Cross
Plate 38 TB BS26Ae state 2 Liverpool Maltese Cross
Plate 42 SJ London Maltese Cross with 7
Plate 42 CI 644 Ringwood 1844 style postmark

Plates 46-131 are the further imperforate Penny Reds with Alphabet I, split into sub-groups in the QV catalogue. SG8-12 / B1 / BS27-BS32


Plate 60 EL from Bedale 60
Plate 74 DE from Edinburgh 131
Plate 89 SD Great Portland Street cancel 52
Plate 95 DJ
Plate 111 RK from Beverley 67
Plate 123 IG from Aberdeen 1


Plates 132-177 are the imperforate stamps with Alphabet II. SG8-12 / B2


Plate 142 MB with blue Dartmouth 237 (Olaf)
Plate 152 PI. Early Duplex cancel - 72A.(Teuma)
Plate 161 DH from Liverpool 466
Plate 172 TF marginal from York 930


Archers – experimental forms of separation SG16b / CE2

B2a Treasury trial DE with London postmark (anon)
Archer plate 93 NF (Bill Barrell)
Archer plate 99 RI from Weston-super-Mare 871 (Bill Barrell)


Officially perforated – the 10 year period from 1854 saw many changes: perforation gauge 16 then 14 because of splitting problems; introduction of Die II; change of watermark from small crown to large crown with types I & II; change from Alphabet II to III and also IV; removal of blueing from the paper; fire at Perkins Bacon; Savoy Street “emergency” printings; back to Fleet Street. The catalogue does not reflect the most up-to-date analyses by especially Mike Williams and still shows C9 and C10 whereas it is suggested that C9 better seen as pre-fire on unblued paper with orange shades, C10 to be split into Savoy Street pale shades with no orange and Fleet Street rose-red.


C1 Die I, Alphabet II, Blued Paper, Wmk. Small Crown, Perf 16, Plates 155-204, R1-R6 - SG17/18.
C2 As C1 but Perf 14, Plates 194-204, R1-R6 - SG22

C1 plate 162 IJ from Lincoln
C2 plate R2 MI from London


C3 As C2 but Die II, Plates 1-21 - SG24-25
C4 As C3 but Perf 16, Plates 1-15 - SG21

C3 plate 14 JI from Wokington 921
C4 plate13 JG from Bristol 134


C5 As C4 but Wmk. Large Crown, Plates 1-15 - SG26
C6 As C5 but Perf 14, Plates 1-21 - SG29

C5 plate 1 LJ from London and Too Late
C6 plate 4 SE from Liverpool - spoon 466


C7 As C3 but Alphabet III, Plates 22-27 - SG24-25
C8 As C7 but Perf 14 and stronger colours, Plates 22-48 - SG29-33

C8 plate 44 BI from Congleton 216


C8A As C8 but Red brown on unblued White Paper, Plates 23-46 November 1856 usage - SG37
C9 new as C8A but pre-fire orange shades, Plates 27-55 tbc: SG38-41

C8A plate 48 MG from London November 1856
C9 plate 46 FD Aberdeen roller 1 from May 1857


C10 new as C9 but Savoy Street pale rose & rose-red shades, Plates as before without 33, 35, 42, 45, 46, 48 tbc: SG38-41
C10A new As C10 but deeper shades, Fleet Street Plates 49, 53-68, R17 tbc: SG38-41

C10 plate 38 MD latish use (1860) from Bristol
C10A plate 62 RA from London


C10B OUS overprints - PP148, also to be found on C12, C13 and G1 groups.
C11 As 10A but Perf 16, Plates 27-60 (not all) - SG36

PP148 plate 46 LE local usage
C11 plate 56 SF from Stroud


C12 Alphabet IV, Wmk. Large Crown II (also I), Perf 14, Plates 50 & 51 - SG42
C13 As C10 but Alphabet II and Wmk. Large Crown II, Plates R15 & R16

C12 plate 50 NG from London
C13 plate R15 QI from Derry with Irish 172


G1 April 1864-1880 Letters in all 4 Corners, Plates 71-225 (apart from 75, 77, 126, 128)- SG43-44
Only unusual usages here and the rarest plate 225.


Plate 225
Plate 178 forwarded free within Derbyshire
Plate 217 overprinted as Cyprus 2, used in Great Britain
Plate 171 to Canada (Diane Mather)
Plate 79 open circular to Sweden (Rayei)
Plate 100 to Germany (Lucky Dummie)
Plate 140 to Switzerland
Plate 204 to USA (Devlan Kruck)
Great Britain Single Frankings 1d QVN i.jpg
Plate 95 to Austria on pre-paid lettersheet, used as late fee, rare H cancel (Samwells)
Plate 117 inland postage due required (Sutherland Laddie)
Plate 159 to Prussia postage due required and rare P cancel (Olaf)


Surface Printed 1880/1881 – 3 stamps issued, Venetian Red, then Penny Lilac, first with 14 pearls, then 16 pearls (with Controls see extra tab), but not included in the Jubilee series.

SG166 Venetian Red inland letter
SG166 Venetian Red printed paper to Germany
SG166 Venetian Red Bromsgrove, Birmingham to Liverpool
SG170 Penny Lilac 14 dots Weston-super-Mare squared circle
SG170 Penny Lilac 14 dots bluish from Worcester
SG170 Penny Lilac 14 dots pale from Ross
SG172 Penny Lilac 16 dots inland letter
SG170 Penny Lilac 16 dots book post to USA
SG170 Penny Lilac 16 dots redirected free from London to South Africa!
SG170 Penny Lilac 16 dots postcard to Austria
SG170 Penny Lilac 16 dots postcard to Belgium
SG170 Penny Lilac 16 dots postcard to France
SG170 Penny Lilac 16 dots postcard to Germany
SG170 Penny Lilac 16 dots postcard to Sweden
SG170 Penny Lilac 16 dots postcard used abroad from France to USA


Official Stamps overprinted 1d lilac with IR, Govt. Parcels, OW and Army:

SG O3 IR Official from Weston-super-Mare
SG O43 Army Official from Camberley


Postal Fiscals – 7 different fiscal stamps with further variations in watermark, paper and design details from 1853ff were officially sanctioned to be used for postage after June 1881. For want of its own block a telegraph stamp used postally also included here!

SG F1
SG F2 (Samwells)
SG F6
SG F7
SG F15 with type III experimental squared circle postmark
SG F15 postcard to Germany taxed postage due but cancelled
SG F18 postage due demand cancelled out
SG F19
SG F20
SG F21 (Alan Godfrey)
SG F23
SG T2 plate 2 (Andrew Lajer)
Barefoot Bankruptcy 44 (anon)
Barefoot Bankruptcy 55 (anon)


Stationery
Teil 1 - Mulready, Advertising Rings, Meters:

Mulready (1840 Stamp Co.)
AR24 WHS to Belgium
AR25 WHS to Belgium
AR25 WHS to Austria
AR25 WHS to Germany
AR25 WHS to Switzerland
AR76 Farmiloe (Huggins)
AR116 Philatelic Bureau
1878 OHMS paid meter
1892 paid
1898 paid


Teil 2 - Postcards:

CP8 to Belgium Too Late
CP10 to Germany
CP10 to Switzerland Too Late
CP15a to France and redirected
CP15a to Germany with Hoster postmark
CP15a to Holland
CP18a complete outward to Germany
CP18a complete return from Germany
CP26 Guildhall special card with postmark
CP18d complete outward to Germany
CP18d complete return from Germany
CP27 to Australia
CP27 to Austria
CP27 to France
CP27 to Germany
CP27 to Switzerland and redirected
CP28 complete outward to France
CP28 complete return from France
CP28 complete outward to USA
CP28(O) to Germany
CP28(R) from Germany
CP28(R) from France
CP35 to Germany
CP36(O) to Germany
CP37 complete outward to Germany
CP37 complete return from Germany


Teil 3 - Others

EP7a from Weston-super-Mare
EP8a from Weston-super-Mare
EP9a from Weston-super-Mare
EP10 from Weston-super-Mare
EP11 from Weston-super-Mare
EP22 from Weston-super-Mare
EP29 from Weston-super-Mare
EP30 from Weston-super-Mare
EP33
EP33 with extra special postmarks
ES1
ES7 from Weston-super-Mare
ES11 from Weston-super-Mare with squared circle
ES11 as cut-out on postcard to France
LCP1a from Brighouse C17
WS3 to Germany
WS3 to Germany as book post from Englefield Green J01



King Edward VII


There were 3 EVII issues: Perf 14 DLR and from May 1911 Harrison P14, then from that October Perf 15x14 Harrison. Strong carmines and scarlets are typical for DLR; Harrison has softer rose-reds and rose-carmines and the halo effect around the head. Used with controls see extra tab. Pre WWI the postcard ruled and 1d was the foreign rate. It also covered the first step on inland & Empire letters.

DLR SG219-220

On Service letter from the police
Redirected letter with margin
Rose carmine on inland letter from London
Printed paper second step to Germany
"Sachet" postcard inland charged letter rate because of handling and cancelled with a "hammer" number 6
Postcard to Germany with variety "spot before ONE"
Postcard from Jersey to Germany with the overinked "blood red" ink.
Postcard to Belgium redirected to Germany
Postcard to France with FB cancellation
Postcard to Finland and redirected
Postcard to Germany with margin
Postcard to Holland
Postcard to Nigeria
Postcard to Rangoon
Postcard to Transvaal
Postcard to USA
Postcard from Australia paquebot and experimental squared circle 1B
Postcard from Ceylon with MB cancellation


Harrison

SG272 P14 redirected letter, Hull Sorting Carriage
SG272 P14 postcard to Germany deep shade
SG272 P14 postcard to Germany rose carmine
SG280 P15x14 inland letter
SG280 P15x14 postcard to Belgium with Poole skeleton
SG280 P15x14 postcard to Switzerland


Officials – the DLR stamps were used with IR, Govt. Parcels (not as single franking), OW, Army, Board of Education, RH and Admiralty (both overprints):

SG O21 Inland Revenue
SG O37 Office of Works (Andrew Lajer)
SG O49 Army Official
SG O84 Board of Education (Andrew Lajer)
SG O92 Royal Household (source unsure)
File:Great Britain Single Frankings 1d KEVIIB f.jpg
SG O102 Admiralty Official Die I - placeholder
SG O108 Admiralty Official Die II postcard to USA


Postal Stationery:

CP46 to Belgium
CP46 to Canada
CP46 to Germany
CP46 to Switzerland
CP47(O) to Germany
CP47(R) from Belgium
CP56a to Germany
CP56a to Switzerland
CP56b to Switzerland
CS35 to USA (David Huggins)
CS35 front (David Huggins)
ES31
WS9a to Germany
WS9b to Germany


King George V

Covers with controls see extra tab. SH printings always have a . between letter and date. Easier than the fluorescence teston used stamps!
Inland and Empire letters could still be sent until 1918, inland postcards for most of the reign (apart from mid 1921 - mid 1922) including the short-lived internal airmail postcard rate during 1934; foreign postcards until mid 1921 and the new Empire postcard rate came in near the end of the reign mid 1935

Downey Heads were made with Die 1A, 1B and 2 with 3 different watermarks, a variety of shades and by 2 printers during their short life.

Die 1A just Crown watermark. Just carmines and pinks - 5 shades. SH printings generally fluoresce dark plum and Harrison pink under long wave UV. SG 327-328 / N7

Inland letter
Letter to India
Postcard to Belgium
Postcard to Germany
Postcard to Germany, deep carmine-red


Die 1B SH printings (did not print booklet stamps) generally fluoresce dark plum and Harrison pink under long wave UV.
Crown watermark still just carmines and pinks 8 listed shades SG 329-331 / N8 and booklets in scarlet 4 shades SG 332-333 / N9.
Simple Cypher watermark (booklets)in scarlet SG 336-337 / N10.

Letter to USA
Postcard to Guernsey
Postcard to Germany
Postcard to Switzerland
Postcard Rose-pink to Belgium, stamp continental style on the picture side
Postcard to Germany - scratch under P of PENNY
Scarlet - Crown letter to Canada
File:Great Britain Single Frankings 1d aKGV i.jpg
Scarlet - Simple Cypher - placeholder


Die 2 SH printings (did not print Simple Cypher stamps) generally fluoresce dark plum and Harrison pink under long wave UV.

Crown watermark just scarlets now 6 shades. SG 341-343 / N11


Inland letter
Letter to USA
Postcard to Belgium
Postcard to Germany
Postcard to Sweden
Postcard to USA with exhibition postmark
SG341a N11b Variety "no cross on crown" postcard to Germany
SG341a N11c Variety "no cross on crown and broken frame" on inland postcard
Overprinted as Morocco 127, BPO to Sweden


Simple Cypher watermark just 3 shades SG 345 / N12
Multiple Cypher watermark just 3 shades SG 349-350 / N13

SC inland letter
SC letter to New Zealand
SC postcard to Germany
MC inland letter
MC postcard to Germany


The Royal Cypher first definitive series has 19 listed shades in the 4 Kings catalogue. As SG mentions, this series should really be split into 3 with pre-war, war and post-war issues, due to the difficulties of replacing the German aniline dyes. SG357-361 / N16. See also the tab with controls for further examples. The multiple cypher watermark issue originally from coils is usually seen as part of this series and there was an experimental SH printing 1921:


Inland printed paper 1921
Inland printed paper 1922
Postcard to Switzerland, redirected to Austria
Postcard to Belgium 1914 pre war
Postcard to Canada 1925 so underpaid and with Taxe mark
Postcard from Weston-super-Mare to Holland 1915 during the war
Inland postcard pre 1921 "pink" from Weston-super-Mare
Inland postcard pre 1921 "Deep orange-vermilion" from Weston-super-Mare
Inland postcard post 1922 from Paignton with late use of skeleton
Overprinted as Morocco 130, BPO to UK (GaryKunzer)
SG398 N17 Multiple Cypher postcard to Germany


The second series with the Block Cypher watermark has less shades but there is the experimental watermark from 1924 to look out for as well as the provisional printings by Harrison in 1934. SG419 / N34


Printed paper rate 1925
Printed paper rate 1930
Wrapper at printed paper rate with 1935 air post exhibition cancel
Inland postcard
Inland postcard with 1935 air post exhibition cancel
Inland airmail postcard 1934
Inland postcard with 2x half 1d coil stamps, coil poorly aligned in the machine
SG419Wi inverted watermark on Weston-super-Mare postcard
File:Great Britain Single Frankings 1d KGVB i.jpg
SG419a sideways watermark - placeholder
File:Great Britain Single Frankings 1d KGVB j.jpg
SG419b experimental watermark - placeholder
File:Great Britain Single Frankings 1d KGVB l.jpg
Harrison provisional printing - placeholder


The photogravure issue SG440 came in 3 distinct formats with 2 further small size deviations on the intermediate and small coils and booklet panes: I must admit that I have not bothered with them (yet!), as items from this series are not that easy to find anyway:


N48 large format
N49 intermediate format
N50 small format


Commemoratives: Looked at chronologically both the British Empire Exhibition 1924 stamps (line and comb perforation) and the 1925 one as well as the PUC commemorative came before the photogravure issue. The Silver Jubilee in 1935 brought 3 distinct versions.

SG430 BEE 1924 line perforation
SG430 BEE 1924 comb perforation
SG432 BEE 1925
SG435 PUC inland postcard
SG435a PUC sideways watermark on postcard to Germany at overpaid printed paper rate
SG435Wi PUC inverted watermark on postcard to India, underpaid so with Taxe mark
SG454 Silver Jubilee Type I
SG454Wi Silver Jubilee Type II inverted watermark
File:Great Britain Single Frankings 1d KGVD i.jpg
SG454 Silver Jubilee Type III - placeholder


Stationery

1912 Wilkinson penny in the slot machine, here scarcer second day usage 26th January
CP62 to Germany
CP63(O) to Germany
CP85 (1924)
CP87 (1925)
CP90
CS69 from Weston-super-Mare at printed paper rate
FCP1
FCP3
LCP5
WP30 to Germany
WS14 to Finland
WS23 to Germany



King Edward VIII

Only 4 normal postage stamps were issued with the head of EVIII including the 1d SG458 (Controls see extra tab):


FDC inland postcard
FDC inland printed paper
FDC printed paper to USA
Inland postcard
Inland postcard using coil stamp
Postcard to Germany, underpaid but not taxed
Overprinted as Tangier 242, used in GB at printed paper rate



King George VI


Postcards and printed papers could still be sent inland for 1d until 30 April 1940 and 30 May 1951 respectively, foreign printed papers or samples until 30 September 1950. The printed paper rate covered postcards with brief greetings only. From 1950-1957 the new reduced rate for foreign surface printed papers was available at 1d for under 2 ounces. The scarlet and pale scarlet (including type II) issues were easy enough, but the light ultramarine version (Type II), issued 3 May 1951, is tricky. The various other types (I, Ia. Ib & Ic) were all issued after, as were the booklet panes with attached adverts. They were all still valid so could theoretically have been used on certificates of posting when the rate went up to 1d in October 1957! Controls were used until 1947, see extra tab.


Scarlet SG 463

Inland postcard
SG463a sideways watermark on inland postcard
SG463a sideways watermark coil stamp November 1940 at the morning inland printed paper rate.
SG463a sideways watermark inland printed paper rate - note the temporary Manchester postmark used for letter sorting during the Christmas period 1937
SG463Wi inverted watermark printed paper rate to Germany
Overprinted MEF as M6 used in the UK at the morning printed paper rate 1950 and redirected
Overprinted Tangier as Z179 and posted as postcard from BPO to Italy 1938
Overprinted Tangier as Z179 and posted as letter from BPO to Gibraltar 1939


Pale Scarlet SG 486 came in 3 head types, also on thick paper, but that is difficult to assess on cover. Printed paper rates inland and foreign were the only real possibilty to use these stamps.


Type I to Denmark
Type I to Switzerland
Type I to the USA
Type I (damaged) on perfin local inland cover in Glasgow
SG486a Type I sideways watermark inland card
Pre-type I on local London letter
Type II on local Weston-super-Mare cover
Type II on wrapper to Germany


Light Ultramarine SG 504 not easy to find as single usage as inland printed papers could only be sent until the end of May 1951 at this rate, foreign until the end of September but then for a further 7 years at the newly introduced reduced rate under 2 ounces for newspapers, periodicals, pamphlets, maps and musical scores, which would normally (but not always!) be over 2 ounces!

FDC inland printed paper cover
Inland cover posted November 1951 with various inspectors' marks and not taxed
Local inland cover with DAW triangular postmark from Walmer to Charing.
Postcard sent locally in London 1953 and not taxed.
Postcard sent fron FPO764 to England in 1952
Reduced rate wrapper to Germany 1952
SG504a sideways watermark issued as coil May 1951 and used on the last day of this printed paper rate 31 May 1951 at the Philatelic Congress in Felixstowe
SG504Wi Q6cb part advert pane Type Ib inverted watermark sent as printed paper postcard 1953 to Germany so ½d underpaid and with taxe markings and 8 pfennigs postage due in manuscript. Fits my criteria for appearing here!


The 2 GVI commemoratives fit chronologically within the definitives, the Centenary of Postage Stamps after the scarlet and the Channel Island Liberation before the light ultramarine. Regionals, Meters and Stationery included here.

"Regionals" Guernsey G2 carmine used locally 1944 at printed paper rate
"Regionals" Jersey J2d chalky paper 1941
"Regionals" Jersey J4 FDC local postcard
SG480 Centenary FDC printed paper inland
SG480 Centenary local and redirected printed paper rate
SG C1 Liberation FDC House of Commons
SG C1 Liberation FDC Guernsey local
SG C1 Liberation FDC Guernsey to England
Meter 1941 Krag 5 red wavy bars on OHMS letter to my grandmother
Meter 1945 red circular handstamp
WS30 (DrWho)


Queen Elizabeth II

EII had the same problems of course, that the stamp was basically only used for make-up purposes, apart from CoP, unless of course someone tried their luck underpaying!

SG516 Tudor Crown printed paper rate ½d underpaid with 1d to pay notation but not PD stamp
SG516Wi Tudor Crown inverted watermark postcard at printed paper rate ½d underpaid with 1d to pay notation but not PD stamp
SG571 multiple crowns cream paper 1960 certificate of posting
SG571 multiple crowns whiter paper 1963 certificate of posting
SG724 2B Machin Head A1 1968 certificate of posting
SG724 2B Machin Head B2 1970 certificate of posting
SG724 2B Machin Head B3 1970 certificate of posting
SG725 CB Machin inland letter underpaid 3d - 2nd class 1969 - not taxed.
[edit]

The 1d (and 1½d) values were used a lot as individual values and are shown in these 2 tabs separately as they are not so relevant regarding usage, more to show the diversity. Misformed letters and various markings in the Jubilee line help plating the stamps.


Queen Victoria

The system of Controls was introduced during the long life of the 16 pearls 1d lilac as an accounting procedure. The stamp was first issued in December 1881 without a control. In February 1884 the first sheets with control “A” were issued with the letter A beneath the penultimate stamp of the bottom row of the lower pane. The letter was changed approximately every 6 months. With perforated and later also imperforate margins. Letters “V – X” are also known with one extension hole in the margin and the X known inverted.A corner strip of 4 is needed to confirm that it is an earlier printing (marginal watermark “POSTAGE”) as the top pane continued without controls.


Penny Lilac Without marginal rules (Jubilee lines) A-J


Penny Lilac With Jubilee line G-X

O perf
P perf
S perf
T imperf
T perf
U perf
V imperf
W imperf
W perf


King Edward VII

DLR printing continued with the continuous Jubilee line until D5; this was changed to a co-extensive line in the C period so both systems were used concurrently for 2 years. In the C period a number was included to mark the year so from then on, each letter is available with 2 different years (or each year with 2 letters). Bottom margin is perforated, imperforate or with an extension hole


Continuous line B imperf to Belgium
Co-extensive line D4 imperf
E5 imperf
G7 perf
H8 imperf
H8 perf to Sweden


Harrison printing perf 14 or perf 15x14 was all with control A11, perf 15x14 without an imperforate version.


A11 perf 14 with 12 extension holes


King George V


Downey Heads Somerset House provisional printings of all 3 dies and all sheet watermarks with perforated and imperforate margins


Downey Heads Harrison printings of all 3 dies and all sheet watermarks with perforated and imperforate margins


SG329 Die 1B A11 close imperf
SG329 Die 1B A11 close perf
SG330 pale carmine Die 1B A11 close imperf
SG341 Die 2 Crown B12 close perf
SG341 Die 2 Crown B12 wide imperf
SG341 Die 2 Crown B12 wide perf
File:Great Britain Single Frankings 1d Controls GVA h.jpg
SG341 Die 2 Simple Cypher - placeholder
SG349 Die 2 Multiple Cypher B12 wide perf - plate 13


Royal Cypher Harrison printing with perforated and imperforate margins (also 1913 multiple cypher just with imperforate margin). SH did not print this stamp apart from an experimental printing 1921/1922 without controls.


C12 imperf
C12 perf
C12 perf paquebot from Port Said
C12 perf to Bahamas
C13 perf
D14 imperf APO S.7
E14 imperf
E14 perf
F15 imperf
F15 perf
H16 imperf
H16 imperf FPO
I16 perf camp office
J17 imperf
J17 perf
S22 imperf
V23 perf


Block Cypher Waterlow printings with imperforate margins (a few combinations are known perforated but most unusual). In 1924 the experimental watermark was also issued.

B24
D25 - scarcest normal Waterlow printing
K29 paquebot from South Africa
M30
File:Great Britain Single Frankings 1d Controls GVC f.jpg
B24 experimental watermark - placeholder


Block Cypher Harrison provisional printings from 1934


V34


Photogravure large format was only released with position “B” = the control now in the left vertical margin next to the first stamp of the 19th row and “new” the cylinder number (dot / no dot) in the same position one row below. With position “B” the perforation varieties increased to 5 (2x dot, 3x no dot)!



Photogravure intermediate format remained in position “B” but cylinder 24 with W35 changed to position “C” with control in the left margin of the 18th row.



Photogravure small format was just position “D”


X35 cylinder 34 no dot FPO 8


Commemoratives excluded the BEE recess printed issues:


Postal Union Congress

Silver Jubilee



King Edward VIII

Edward VIII used as standard one extension hole on the left but there are rarer varieties with imperforate and perforated margins.

A36 cylinder 3 dot FDC
A36 cylinder 5 dot
A36 cylinder 6 no dot


King George VI

Scarlet as EVIII

A37 cylinder 3 no dot FDC
B37 cylinder 11 dot

Light scarlet carried on the same but without perforated margins. Some combinations are also known with alternating extension holes. The last control was U47 with cylinder 155; cylinder 145 was the first issued without a corresponding control as they were no longer considered necessary.

J41 cylinder 71 dot

Centenary

[edit]

Penny Farthing – not a stamp! The once-off 1¼d postcard was introduced on 01. July 1875 under UPU regulations at half the letter rate for postcard going abroad. Any used in 1875 are rather unusual as were postcards themselves in those early days. On April 1st 1879 the rates were changed to 1d, 1½d or 2½d but the "old" postcards could of course be used up = sender's excess!

Queen Victoria

CP5 August 1875 Inverness to Belgium
CP5 October 1875 Aberdeen to Prussia
CP5 November 1875 London to USA
CP5 February 1877 Liverpool to Germany with HRS perfin
CP5 28th February 1879 late use Sheffield to USA
CP5 May 1880 very late use with sender's excess from Eastbourne to USA


[edit]

Three Halfpence rather than 1½d was the original inscription on the planned rosy mauve stamp prepared in 1860 for the planned newspaper rate which was put off. It was launched 10 years later in rose-red and has been part of all reigns since. It represented the standard inland letter rate for 20 years during most of the reign of GV but had limited use since 1940.


Queen Victoria

In 1871 the weight steps for letters were adjusted upwards and the new second step <2 ounces was set at 1½d. The first 3 issued all had the rate written in letters rather than numbers which could well have been confusing for non-English speakers, but that was not a cause for concern in those days, especially as there was no foreign rate. 2 plates of the line-engraved issue are available, the first without any mention and the third with a 3 integrated in the design. Early covers are just for heavier letters or heavier printed papers. Surface-printed Venetian Red and Lilac stamps appeared in 1880 and 1884 with similar limited use. The Jubilee issue came shortly before foreign printed paper rates were set up in 1892, allowing heavier items between 4 and 6 ounces to be sent thus. Officials were printed with Govt. Parcels overprints but unlikely to have been used individually.

SG52 (lake red) plate 1 on 1874 letter
SG51 (rose red) plate 3 on 1880 letter
SG167 used with late fee 2d cancel
SG188 used with experimental squared circle type IIB
SG198 inland letter
SG198 wrapper to Germany
SG198 late fee
AR26 to Hong Kong
CP9 to Austria
CP19b(O) to Germany


King Edward VII

Edward VII saw 3 issues in the same design as the Jubilee series, first ordinary, and then chalky paper from DLR then provisional printings by Somerset House. The SH printings had a wide variety of shades, especially the purple. Late fee post & special registered notices added to the scarce use and officials were no longer printed.

SG221 DLR ordinary paper postcard to Australia 1905, preumably with ½d late fee for 8:15pm posting
SG221 DLR ordinary paper wrapper to USA 1905 at printed paper rate >4oz.
SG221 DLR ordinary paper notice of objection ½d printed paper rate and 1d registration (reduced for these in 1897)
SG224 DLR chalky paper inland cover 1907 with late fee marking for ½d fee
WS41b to Germany
SG287 Somerset House notice of objection ½d printed paper rate and 1d registration
SG289 Somerset House - please indulge me here. Cover with 1d meter payment for inland letter, redirected to France with the stamp added to make up the 2½d rate. It does not really fit my definition of single frankings but unusual and with the lack of other material...


King George V

The reign of GV saw issues in all 3 definitive series (not Downey Heads) and all 3 commemorative sets. World War I saw the problems of getting the correct inks as for the lower (and higher) values – see comments at ½d as these are similar for all values. Postal rates changed quickly in those troubled times, 1½d was the inland letter rate for letters between 4 and 6 ounces until November 1915, reintroduced as the first step in June 1918 for 2 years and the again 2 years later in May 1923 for the rest of the reign. Inland Postcards could only be sent for a year at this rate from June 1921 until the end of May 1922, before being reduced to 1d. Going abroad, Empire rates applied as inland apart from the period until 1915 which had 1d steps. Postcards were ok from June 1921 until the end of the reign. It was the heyday of booklets with advertising panes and the 1½d was used a lot. I have added a separate tab each for controls and advert panes as these are quite numerous and just show samples on the main page!


Royal Cypher:

SG362 very deep red brown 1923 postcard to Germany
SG362 with marginal pillars postcard to Switzerland
SG362 bright orange brown 1921 new inland rate postcard with Ripon "grey" rubber postmark
SG362Wi inverted watermark on postcard to Germany
SG362a inland postcard with PENCF for PENCE
SG362 printed paper rate 1918
SG362 first day of new short-lived rate 03.06.1918
SG362 dumb maritime cancel on censored incoming letter
SG362 Empire rate to USA 1923 with Cinderella labels
SG362 chocolate with control N19 March 1920 inland letter at the old rate
SG362 with top advert pane from booklet pane 1
SG362 overprinted as Morocco M44 postcard to England


Block Cypher includes the experimental watermark and the emergency issue (E.26) printed by Somerset House during the 1926 General Strike as well as the provisional printings by Harrison from 1934 on:

SG420 postcard to Belgium
SG420 postcard to Czechoslovakia
SG420 postcard to Germany, delayed because address was not sufficient
SG420 postcard to USA
SG420 postcard to Germany with red and blue Cinderella labels
SG420 inland postcard overpaid ½d
SG420 overprinted as Tanger 233 postcard from there to UK
SG420 overprinted as Tanger 233 postcard from there via Gibraltar to Switzerland
SG420Wi inverted watermark on postcard to Germany
SG420b sideways watermark on postcard to Germany
SG420b sideways watermark on inland letter
SG420 Empire rate letter to USA (Ian Gibbons)
SG420 Empire rate letter to South West Africa
SG420 Empire rate letter to Australia from Weston-super-Mare
SG420 inland letter with blue Cinderella label
SG420 inland letter with red and blue Cinderella labels
SG420 inland letter with warning handstamp about being posted in the wrong letterbox
SG420 with normal Waterlow Control R32 on inland letter
SG420g with experimental watermark and Control B24 on inland letter
SG420 with Control V34 - Harrison printing - inland letter
SG420 with advert label 11 from Waterlow booklet
SG420 with advert label 98 from Harrison booklet


Photogravure stamps (all SG441) were released in large, intermediate and small formats (size of design). The intermediate booklet pane stamps are slightly shorter and the intermediate coil stamps are slightly larger - height and width. Advert panes only exist in the smaller format but are slightly larger (with brown adverts) or slightly smaller (black adverts)- in both instances both height and width!:

Large format FDC and first day of the Railway Air Service, here from Cardiff to Liverpool
Large format received via Siberia from HM ships in the UK
Large format paquebot to USA
File:Great Britain Single Frankings 1half KGVP 1c.jpg
Intermediate sheet format - placeholder - see below with control
Intermediate format ex booklet inland letter with airmail stamp crossed out as the service no longer existed (StampsPlus)
File:Great Britain Single Frankings 1half KGVP f.jpg
Intermediate coil format - placeholder
Small format inland letter
Small format booklet stamp on postcard to Germany
Small format unusual advertising letter from Weston-super-Mare
Large format control position A
Large format control position B
Intermediate format control position B
File:Great Britain Single Frankings 1half KGVP m.jpg
Intermediate format control position D - placeholder
Small format control position D
Advert etched on the cylinder so in the colour of the stamp, here pane 4 base
Advert printed in letterpress / black, here pane 7 top on postcard to Denmark


Commemoratives were issued for all 3 sets and both years of the BEE version, 1924 with line and comb perforations:

SG431 British Empire Exhibition 1924 line perforation postcard to Germany
SG431 British Empire Exhibition 1924 line perforation postcard to Switzerland
SG431 British Empire Exhibition 1924 line perforation postcard to Yugoslavia
SG431 British Empire Exhibition 1924 comb perforation postcard to Germany
SG431 British Empire Exhibition 1924 comb perforation inland letter
SG433 British Empire Exhibition 1925 postcard to Germany
SG436 PUC postcard to Denmark
SG436 PUC postcard to Germany
SG436 PUC postcard to Sweden
SG436 PUC inland letter
SG436 PUC Empire rate letter to USA
SG436"c" PUC (1829 for 1929) inland letter
SG436a PUC sideways watermark inland letter
SG436Wi PUC inverted watermark Empire rate letter to South Africa
SG436Wi PUC inverted watermark postcard to Germany
SG436 PUC with advert pane 5 base on inland letter
SG436 PUC with control K29 Empire rate paquebot letter to Egypt
SG455 Jubilee Type I postcard to Holland
SG455 Jubilee Type I postcard to Sweden
SG455 Jubilee Type I inland letter
SG455 Jubilee Type I Empire rate letter to USA
File:Great Britain Single Frankings 1half KGVC w.jpg
SG455 Jubilee Type II - placeholder
File:Great Britain Single Frankings 1half KGVC x.jpg
SG455 Jubilee Type III - placeholder
SG455 Jubilee Type I overprinted as Morocco 240 from BPO Tangier to the UK
SG455 Jubilee Type I with control W35 on postcard to Switzerland


Stationery:

CP77
CP88
CP89 to Germany
EP61 from Weston-super-Mare
EP86
EP86 to USA
ES53
LCP8
LCP11


King Edward VIII

This rate was included in the 4 stamps issued with the head of EVIII; booklet stamps with adverts were also available. Controls and adverts see extra tabs.

SG459 inland letter
SG459Wi inverted watermark postcard to Romania
SG459 with advert pane 2 on inland letter


King George VI

GVI saw the 3 issues of definitives and 2 commemoratives.

SG464 red brown The old postage rates applied until 1940 but after that the use was restricted to printed papers, which is why single usage items are quite scarce. In 1938 airmail was set up to the Empire countries in Australasia and Asia but discontinued on the outbreak of WWII September 1939. The earlier booklets also used 1½d stamps with adverts - see extra tab for these and controls - here just an example of each.


FDC Empire rate to Rhodesia
Last day of 1½d inland letter rate
Empire rate to USA
Bombay paquebot to UK
Postcard to Belgium
Postcard to Denmark
Postcard to Germany
First airmail to Australia
Overprinted as Tangier247 to Canada
SG464a sideways watermark postcard to Germany
SG464Wi inverted watermark postcard to Germany
Advert pane12 base
Control D38 Empire rate to Malaya


SG487 pale red brown Internal mail from soldiers within the UK could be sent for 1½d but was often charged postage due! Forces post seems to have been possible to and from the UK at this rate, which will be the reason it was allowed for forces personnel based in England to post internally at the same rate. Controls last issued 1947.

Inland sample post (israstamps)
Forces airletter to CMF
Forces post to BLA
From FPO482 to Ireland
From MELF to UK
Postcard from FPO815 to Sweden
Postcard from FPO432 to Switzerland
From FPO594 to England
Control U47 on active service to UK
Jersey SG J5 FDC


SG505 pale green

Inland wrapper printed paper rate
Printed paper rate to Sweden
Printed paper rate to USA
From FPO551 to MEAF
From HM ships to UK
SG505a sideways watermark inland printed paper
SG505a sideways watermark printed paper to USA


Commemoratives. The double head for the 1940 centenary issue was issued only days after the rate increases so was basically redundant from the outset, only being suited to the inland printed paper rate with late fee but also for forces - see comments above.

SG461 Coronation FDC
SG461 Coronation airmail FDC
SG461 Coronation to USA
SG461 Coronation postcard to Germany
SG461 (QCom1i) Coronation pearl in orb variety with control A37
SG481 Centenary FDC printed paper rate
SG481 Centenary inland from the forces and accepted
SG481 Centenary inland from the forces but charged postage due

Stationery:

APF5b to Germany
CS116
1952 meter mail
ES68
ES68 to Germany


Queen Elizabeth II

EII did not fare any better, 1956 being the latest inland printed papers could be sent at this rate. Abroad it was possible until late 1957 and reduced rate printed papers could still be sent until 1963. I would love to see some! Forces airmail to and from the UK was still allowed at this rate.


SG517 Tudor Crown

Inland printed paper
Unadressed printed paper with 2. cylinder in margin
Underpaid inland postcard with postage due marking
Printed paper to Germany
Printed paper to USA
Printed paper from FPO385 to Hong Kong
Canadian magazine rate >6oz to Canada
SG517a sideways watermark to USA
SG517a sideways watermark inland usage from Weston-super-Mare
SG517a sideways watermark FPO752 used in BAOR


SG542 St Edward's Crown including SG563 with graphite lines:


last day of inland 1½d printed paper rate
Postcard from FPO904 to UK
Letter from FPO904 used within BAOR
HMSO wrapper used to Germany
Paquebot from Aden to USA
Printed paper to Italy
SG542a sideways watermark to Sweden
SG542a sideways watermark on advertising "doctor's" postcard as printed paper to USA


Multiple Crown stamps were issued on both papers, with graphite lines, phosphor-graphite and 2B versions with all 3 phosphor colours between 1959 and 1965 so apart from the last 2 phosphor issues could be found used as single frankings!


File:Great Britain Single Frankings 1half QEIIB d.jpg
SG601 phosphor-graphite - placeholder
File:Great Britain Single Frankings 1half QEIIB e.jpg
SG612 2B green phosphor - placeholder
File:Great Britain Single Frankings 1half QEIIB f.jpg
SG612 2B blue phosphor cream paper - placeholder
[edit]

The 1½d values were used a lot as individual values and are shown in this tab separately as they are not so relevant regarding usage, more to show the diversity.

Threehalfpenny advertising panes

After 20 years of stamp booklets with ½d and 1d stamps and the reinstatement of 1½d as the standard inland postage rate, it was necessary to use this value in booklets too. The booklet price of 2/- was not to change, so they needed a way to get 2/- worth of stamps together with the 6 stamps page layout. It was decided to have a page each of ½d, 1d and 1½d values so 1/6d. The further 6d to comprise of 4x1½d stamps and 2 advert panes, so a similar concept to the St. Andrews Cross extra label in the Edward VII booklets.


complete pane of the rarest booklet pane number 72 with the adverts printed in green (Stanley Gibbons)

The sheets for the label pages were set out so that half were with upright and half with inverted watermark, so there is no difference in scarcity or theoretically value, although the inverted watermark versions often attract slightly higher prices. I have only annotated covers with inverted watermarks. Cash's were very active and carried out early market research with several labels. On most of the ones offering free samples they included a code as edition number which changed on every print run, presumably to measure efficiency by counting up the number of each returned. 5/- booklets were also released later with further panes of 6x1½d but still just 2 adverts per booklet. Sometimes people used both adverts with one stamp; I have included items like that here. The concept was in place for some 20 further years; the next stamps to be released with attached adverts being the 1951 light ultramarine of GVI, followed by EII, these both having 3 adverts rather than 2 but not really usable on their own.


George V

The first 2 booklets were produced February 1924 by Harrison with Royal Cypher watermark before the change of printers to Waterlow and change of watermark to block cypher. Throughout their lifespan there were adverts used in just one booklet and others used in very large numbers. The post office had a range of “internal” adverts used as fillers but also to demonstrate the concept to potential advertisers. The position of the advert was either top or base; some were used in both positions. There are sometimes small differences between different editions which I am working on and plan to publish on this wiki maybe during 2020. The perforations help, top and bottom being guillotined so the top of the top advert and bottom of the base advert will have tell-tale cut perforations, quite often cut off completely! That can be helpful to allocate the advert to a specific advert pane, which is the way Gibbons catalogues them at present. I have used the SG advert pane numbers here too.


Royal Cypher


1 top
2 base


Block Cypher Waterlow printings include the one booklet with adverts in green.


1a inv. wmk and additional cable label on postcard to Germany
3 or 4 top to USA
3 or 4 top inv. wmk.
3 or 8 base
3 or 8 base inv. wmk.
7 base
9 or 10 top to Bahamas
9 or 10 top inv. wmk. to USA
9 base postcard
9 base inv. wmk. postcard to Germany
9 base inv. wmk. to USA
9 base inv. wmk. to USA with postage due as heavier
11 base inv. wmk.
18 top
19 base code 243 inv. wmk. postcard to Canada
22 top postcard to Germany
26 base inv. wmk.
28
33 top inv. wmk. to USA
37 inv. wmk.
39 top inv. wmk. postcard to Switzerland
41 top inv. wmk. to Canada
43 inv. wmk.
44 top inv. wmk. to New Zealand
46 base inv. wmk.
49
57 top
59
64 or 67 base inv. wmk. postcard to Switzerland
73 base inv. wmk.
73 top
80 inv. wmk.
82 top inv. wmk.


Block Cypher Harrison provisional printings from 1934


88 top inv. wmk.
98 top inv. wmk.


Photogravure intermediate format (18.0 x 21.9 mm = slightly smaller than the sheet and booklet stamps without adverts!) The adverts were etched on the printing cylinders and are therefore in the colour of the stamps (red brown)


2, 3 or 4 top
2, 3 or 4 top inv. wmk. to USA
4 base
5


Photogravure small format (17.8 x 21.65 mm = slightly smaller than the sheet stamps but the same size as the booklet panes without adverts!) The adverts were printed black in letterpress.


3 top inv. wmk.
5 base inv. wmk.
5 top
7 top inv. wmk. postcard to Denmark
8, 12 or 13 top inv. wmk
8 base to USA
13 base to USA
13 base inv. wmk. to Hawaii


Postal Union Congress


1 base
5 base


King Edward VIII

2 inv. wmk.
4 base inv. wmk.
7 base with cylinder inv. wmk.
9 or 10 top
14 base with cylinder inv. wmk.


King George VI


2 base code 424 to USA
5 base code 498
6
8 inv. wmk.
8 top inv. wmk. to USA
9 or 10 base inv. wmk.
9 top to USA
10 top
11 top
12 to USA
12 top
12 base
[edit]

The 1½d (and 1d) values were used a lot as individual values and are shown in these 2 tabs separately as they are not so relevant regarding usage, more to show the diversity.


During the reigns of Queen Victoria and Edward VII only ½d and 1d stamps were issued with controls. The Downey Heads were also only issued with those values so carried on accordingly. With the introduction of the Royal Cypher range controls were used for all values.

From 1918 - 1940 this was the standard inland and Empire rate postage apart from the 2 years mid 1920 - mid 1922, during which it was the standard inland postcard rate. From mid 1921 until 1940 it was also the foreign postcard rate. 1938 saw the launch of cheap airmail to Empire countries in Australasia and Asia parallel to surface postage but this was only available until the outbreak of World War II.

King George V

Royal Cypher Somerset House provisional printing just A.12 with perforated and imperforate margins with wide and close spacing

Royal Cypher Harrison printing with perforated and imperforate margins - imperforate = 1 extension hole

N19 perforated margin
N19 imperforate margin
O20 imperforate margin
T22 perforated margin
U22 perforated margin
U22 imperforate margin
U23 imperforate margin
V23 perforated margin
V23 imperforate margin
W23 imperforate margin


Block Cypher Waterlow printings with imperforate margins (a few combinations are known perforated but most unusual). B24 is known with 2 extension holes.


A24
B24
C25
D25 OHMS cover
E26
F26
G27
H27
I28 to USA at Empire rate
J28
K29
L29 Durban paquebot to Lourenzo Marques
M30
N30
O31 to my grandfather
P31
Q32
R32
S33 paquebot to Cape Town
T33 postcard to Germany

In 1924 and 1925 the experimental watermark was also issued with 3 control combinations. There was also an emergency E.26 printing at Somerset House during the Great Strike!

A24
B24
D25


Block Cypher Harrison provisional printings from 1934 also with 2 extension holes. U34 also exists from Waterlow, but rare and difficult to differentiate.


U34
U34_2E
V34


Photogravure large format saw the change of position of the control from ”A” with the control below the second stamp of the bottom row and “new” the cylinder number (dot or no dot) in the vertical margin next to the first stamp of the 20th row to “B” with the cylinder number in the same place but the control now in the left vertical margin next to the first stamp of the 19th row. With position “B” the perforation varieties increased to 5 (2x dot, 3x no dot)!

V34 position A perforator 2A perf/perf
V34 cylinder 98 no dot, position B showing bottom margin = perforator 2 imp/extension


Photogravure intermediate format remained in position “B” but the final cylinder 113 changed to position “D” with both control and cylinder number in the left margin of the 18th row. (Position “C” was not used for this value.


V34 position B, no dot


Photogravure small format was just position “D”


X35 cylinder 137 dot, perforator 5 extension / imperf
Y36 cylinder 137 dot, perforator 5 extension / imperf
Y36 cylinder 143 state (ii) no dot, perforator 5 extension / imperf


Commemoratives excluded the BEE issues:

Postal Union Congress

K29 FDC
K29 to Egypt with Marseille paquebot


Silver Jubilee

W35 cylinder 21 dot on postcard to Switzerland
W35 cylinder 48 dot with extension
W35 cylinder 48 no dot imperforate


King Edward VIII

Edward VIII used as standard one extension hole on the left but there are rarer varieties with imperforate and perforated margins.

A36 cylinder 2 no dot FDC does not show the hair flaw P3b
A36 cylinder 9 dot


King George VI

Red brown as EVIII

B37 cylinder 45 no dot
C38 cylinder 84 no dot first air mail at this rate to Australia
C38 cylinder 98 dot to Malaya
D38 cylinder 102 dot to Malaya
D38 cylinder 106 no dot
D38 cylinder 106 dot to Malaya
D38 cylinder 107 no dot to Malaya
E39 cylinder 122 no dot
E39 cylinder 151 dot to Canada
E39 cylinder 154 no dot to Canada


Light red brown carried on the same but without perforated margins. Q45, cylinder 179 no dot is also known with alternating extension holes. The last control was U47 with cylinder 187; cylinder 185 was the first issued without a corresponding control as they were no longer considered necessary.

U47 cylinder 185 dot from FPO731 airmail to England


Commemoratives

Coronation

A37 cylinder 4 dot with flaw QCom1i "pearl in orb" to USA

Centenary

[edit]

Twopence Blue was introduced together with the Penny Black and is certainly more attractive and scarcer but does not have the same aura as the Penny Black! The value was in use as long as or rather longer than the 1d but ran out of steam in the early 1960’s and was only used as a major inland letter rate for a short time from 1920 and postcard rate in the 40's and 50's.


Queen Victoria

The QV line-engraved stamps are much easier to handle than their black and red counterparts. There were only 2 plates of the original design, 2 plates of the second design with added white lines as imperforate items, then 3 plates perforated with stars in the top corners and 9 with letters in all 4 corners. The switch from small to large crown and perfs 16 then 14 add spice to the area; plate 4 is available imperf and perforated too. Throughout this period until late 1871 2d was the second step postage rate, when it became the third step.


First and second issues:

SG5 plate 1 from Loughborough 1843
SG5 plate 2 from Manchester 1841
SG14 plate 3 from Cupar 1845
SG14 plate 4 from Perth 1852

Perforated from 1854 - unfortunately SG uses different order in the normal and specialized catalogues, plate 4 with alphabet I, plate 5 with II and plate 6 with III:

SG19_F1 small crown perf 16 plate 4 from Knaresborough
SG20a_F4 small crown perf 14 plate 5 from Dumfries
SG23_F2 small crown perf 14 plate 4 from South Audley to Prussia July 1855 so no accountancy marks. Envelope possibly shortened and 6d stamp cut off?
SG23_F2 small crown perf 14 plate 4 - short A row
SG23a_F3 small crown perf 14 plate 5
SG23aWi_F3c small crown inverted perf 14 plate 5
SG27_F5 small crown perf 16 plate 5
SG34_F6(1) large crown perf 14 plate 6
SG34_F6(2) greenish blue large crown perf 14 plate 6
SG35_F7 large crown perf 14 plate 6
SG36a_F8 large crown perf 16 plate 6


Letters in all 4 corners:


SG45 plate 7
SG45 plate 8
SG45 plate 9 watermark type I
SG45 plate 9 watermark type II
SG45_G2c plate 9 watermark variety MA
SG45 plate 12
SG46 plate 13
SG46 plate 14
SG46 plate 15

3 surface-printed issues appeared in 1880, 1884 and 1887. Single usage is normally restricted to heavier letters. The introduction of Empire rates in 1898 allowed second step letters to be posted for 2d.


SG168 pale rose
SG168a deep rose, VR hooded circle postmark (Olaf)
SG189 lilac (Olaf)
SG200 Jubilee
SG200_K30d Jubilee damage to duty tablet frame
SG200 Jubilee second step Empire rate to Canada
SG200 Jubilee parcel tag to Germany (Olaf)
SG200 Jubilee certificate of posting inland parcel


Stationery:

Mulready (Andrew Lajer)
AR27 W.H. Smith wrapper to Germany
Wrapper to Germany (Huggins)
CP17a to India
CP17b to Germany
CP20b(O) to Germany


King Edward VII

Edward VII followed the usual pattern with 2 papers by DLR in the Jubilee design then Somerset House. Single usage mostly second step Empire rate letters.


SG225 DLR ordinary paper, second step letter to India
SG225 DLR ordinary paper, postcard to Canada, overpaid
SG225 DLR ordinary paper, second step letter to Canada
SG227 DLR chalky paper, second step letter to USA
SG227_M12n DLR chalky paper with irregular shading, second step letter to USA
SG227 DLR chalky paper, OHMS prepaid cover, registered (2d)
SG227 DLR chalky paper, postcard to France, overpaid
SG227 DLR chalky paper, advice of delivery
SG266a, Tyrian Plum (courtesy of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II)
SG290 Somerset House, second step letter to USA


King George V

GV’s reign saw 2d being set variously as first or second step inland rate and for 2 years from June 1920 until June 1922 as the first step for Empire letters. It had continued as 2nd step until June 1918. No commemoratives with this value were issued. Royal cypher saw a deliberate change in colour early on from orange-yellow to reddish-yellow and includes the famous “intense bright orange” shade.

Royal Cypher: 2d being the registration rate during the Great War, mail on active service which was sent free still required 2d registration if this service was chosen. Looking at the addresses, it was obviously usually very important business!

SG367 from APO 1 (Base PO Le Havre) in 1916
SG367 from APO 3 (Base PO Boulogne) in 1917
SG367 from APO S46 (Western Front) in 1918
SG367 from FPO A1 (1st Army HQ Western Front) in 1915
SG367 from FPO TX3 (Canadian Division Western Front) in 1916
SG367 from FPO D2 (Western Front) in 1918

Pre 1920 letters seem to be quite unusual and I am not sure why postcards were sent using 2d stamps as that rate did not actually occur during the whole reign!

SG367 inland letter 1921
SG367 with control P20 inland letter 1920
SG367 with control Q20 inland letter 1921
SG367 postcard sent from Madeira with dumb cancel 1921, overpaid ½d?
SG367 postcard sent from Rio, overpaid ½d? (Olaf)
SG367 brown orange booklet stamp on postcard sent to Germany 1925, overpaid ½d?
SG367 intense bright orange on 1920 cover to India and redirected there
SG367 cover to USA 1921 (Ian Gibbons)
SG367 overprinted as Ireland 12 by Thom on cover to England
SG367 overprinted (bolder) as Ireland 33 by Thom on OHMS(!) cover to England

1921 saw a new die II launched as after the rate hikes in 1920 the value was needed more and the original die was slightly too large and had caused alignment problems during perforating:

SG370 on 1922 empire rate cover to Straits Settlements from Forest, Guernsey rubber handstamp cancellation!
SG370 on underpaid cover to Germany with German postage due markings
SG370 on postcard to Denmark, overpaid ½d
SG370 overprinted as Ireland 55 by Thom on 1923 postcard to England, overpaid ½d?


Block cypher: By 1923 it had been established as the second step inland rate over 2 ounces. There was a limited airmail service from Belfast to Liverpool in May 1924 with ½d fee to be added to the 1½d postage.

SG421 with control N30 on postcard from Malta to UK, presumably overpaid ½d?
SG421 with control O31 on airmail postcard to Egypt in August 1931 a few days after the launch of this new rate
SG421 on inland airmail cover from Kirkwall to Inverness in 1934 with ½d airmail fee
SG421 with control S33 on inland postcard 1942 after the 1940 change in rates
SG421 at printed paper rate to Germany in 1962!

Photogravure was issued first in the intermediate and then in the small format. Limited use as before.

SG442 intermediate format on overpaid FDC
SG442 intermediate format on overpaid postcard to Germany
SG442 small format on airmail cover to Canada at correct rate
SG442 small format bisected as GW5 locally used in Guernsey - see notes by GVI
SG442 small format with control X35 inland second step 1938
SG442 small format with control Y36 paquebot cover from Port Said
SG442 small format with control Z36 by German seapost to Trinidad and retour


Stationery:

EP63
LCP9
RPF1c used from APO S11 (Etaples, France)
WS25 to Germany


King George VI

There were 3 definitives and 1 commemorative issued in GVI’s reign. 2d covered the inland and foreign postcard rates from May 1940 for most of the period, with foreign and Empire rate postcards at the same rate until October 1950. Previously it had just been the second step inland rate. Due to a lack of penny stamps during the German occupation of the Channel Islands, bisects of available 2d stamps were allowed from 24 December 1940 until 22 February 1941 in Guernsey (31 May in Sark!) for the printed paper rate. The two stamps originally approved were the dark orange definitive and the 1940 double head, but available GV stamps were also allowed.

SG465 Dark orange:

FDC with TPO UP special cancel including ½d fee
FDC with Caledonian TPO Day UP special cancel including ½d fee
Inland postcard
Foreign postcard to Canada
Sideways watermark Foreign postcard to Canada
bisects were possible in 4 versions!
ditto
ditto
finally
one stamp per sheet had the control in the margin - most unusual


SG488 Light orange:

Inland postcard from Weston-super-Mare
Inland postcard with Victory postmark
Inland postcard with inspector's mark
Foreign postcard to Belgium
Foreign postcard to Germany
Foreign postcard (R) from Norway
Inverted watermark on postcard
Inverted watermark on underpaid letter to USA
Sideways watermark on postcard from Weston-super-Mare with Victory postmark
overprinted MEF as M12 used 1951 in GB on printed paper cover >2 ounces to USA; Airmail sticker was ignored
overprinted EAF as S2 used 1953 in GB on printed paper cover >2 ounces to USA
SG J6 Jersey issue on FDC

SG506 Light brown, in October 1950 the postcard rate for foreign cards was increased to 2½d but for Empire rated ones stayed unchanged.:

Inland postcard
Empire rate postcard to USA
Foreign postcard to Germany after rate increase and duly taxed

SG482 Centenary Issue:

Inland postcard
bisects in 4 versions
second
These 2 have sub-office cancels - third
ditto - fourth
commercially used (King Zongo)


Stationery:

CP100b to Germany
CP100b to USA
CS128
Quaint Cinderella postcard with "United Kingdom stamp" and pre-printed "postmark" to Israel
Quaint Cinderella postcard with "United Kingdom stamp" and pre-printed "postmark" to USA


Queen Elizabeth II

EII normal usage was until end of September 1957 on inland and foreign postcards with some printed paper possibilities intil 1961 (inland) or 1963 (foreign). The definitives were readily available, the colour changed to a lighter shade in 1956 and one commemorative was issued in 1961 which could only be used on foreign printed papers!


Tudor & Edward Crown including Graphite:


SG518 Tudor Crown inland postcard
SG518a Tudor Crown sideways watermark inland printed paper with ½d late fee
SG518 Tudor Crown overprinted as Tangier 292 on postcard from there to UK
SG543 St Edward's crown inland postcard
SG543 St Edward's crown inland printed paper with advisory extra cancellation
SG543b St Edward's crown light red brown printed paper to Switzerland
SG543b St Edward's crown light red brown printed paper to Holland
SG543bWi St Edward's crown light red brown inverted watermark FPO 432 postcard used within BFPO Germany
SG543b St Edward's crown light red brown overprinted as Tangier 317 printed paper to Switzerland
SG564 St Edward's crown light red brown with graphite line on printed paper


Multiple Crown ordinary paper including Graphite and Phosphor-Graphite:


SG573 multiple crowns cream paper printed paper rate
SG573 multiple crowns cream paper printed paper rate "pigeon post"
SG573a multiple crowns cream paper sideways watermark printed paper to USA
SG573 multiple crowns cream paper - coil stamp - printed paper rate
SG573 multiple crowns whiter paper inland printed paper. Extra vertical duplex handstamp as original cancellation missed the stamp.
SG573 multiple crowns whiter paper FPO 969 printed paper used within BFPO Germany
SG590 multiple crowns whiter paper graphite line inland printed paper
File:Great Britain Single Frankings 2d QEIIA i.jpg
SG605 multiple crowns whiter paper phosphor-graphite - placeholder


Multiple Crown phosphors SG613 - only 3 were issued during the possible use as single frankings:


File:Great Britain Single Frankings 2d QEIIB c.jpg
SG_S46 2B blue cream paper - placeholder


Machin Head:

SG726 Type I OHMS reduced pronted paper rate to Switzerland
SG727 Type II printed paper to Germany

Commemorative CEPT SG626:

Inland printed paper FDC
Inland printed paper
Foreign printed paper to Germany
Foreign printed paper to Switzerland
Foreign printed paper to USA
Paquebot to USA
Inland printed paper posted TPO without late fee so endorsed postage due


Stationery:


CP106b from Weston-super-Mare
CP107b(O) to USA
CP107b(R) from USA
CP107b(O/R) to USA
CP107b(O/R) from USA
ES89 to Germany
WS51 inland wrapper
1961 meter


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