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Victoria is the second most populous state in Australia. Geographically the smallest mainland state, Victoria is bordered by New South Wales to the north, South Australia to the west, and Tasmania to the south, across Bass Strait. Victoria is the most densely populated state, and has a highly centralised population, with almost 75% of Victorians living in Melbourne, the state capital and largest city. Approximately 30,000 Indigenous Australians are estimated to have lived in the area, before European settlement in Victoria began in the 1830s. The discovery of gold in 1851 at Ballarat and Warrandyte transformed it into a leading industrial and commercial centre.
After the founding of the colony of New South Wales in 1788, Australia was divided into an eastern half named New South Wales and a western half named New Holland, under the administration of the colonial government in Sydney. The first European settlement in the area later known as Victoria was established in October 1803.
The region around Melbourne was known as the Port Phillip District, a separately administered part of New South Wales. In 1851, the British Government separated the area from New South Wales, proclaiming a new Colony of Victoria.
In 1854 at Ballarat there was an armed rebellion against the government of Victoria by miners protesting against mining taxes (the "Eureka Stockade"). This was crushed by British troops, but the discontents prompted colonial authorities to reform the administration (particularly reducing the hated mining licence fees) and extend the franchise. Within a short time, the Imperial Parliament granted Victoria responsible government with the passage of the Colony of Victoria Act 1855. Some of the leaders of the Eureka rebellion went on to became members of the Victorian Parliament.
In 1901 Victoria became a state in the Commonwealth of Australia.
This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total.
Pages in category "Victoria"
The following 23 pages are in this category, out of 23 total.
- Victoria 1852 Queen on Throne
- Victoria 1857 Queen wmrk star
- Victoria 1856-1858 Queen on throne
- Victoria 1862-1864 single line wmrk
- Victoria 1863-1874 Laureated Queen Victoria
- Victoria 1867-1881 wmrk V above crown
- Victoria 1870-1873 Queen Victoria
- Victoria 1873-1883 Queen Victoria
- Victoria 1880-1883 new designs
- Victoria 1885-1886 Inscribed STAMP DUTY
- Victoria 1886-1898 Inscribed STAMP DUTY
- Victoria 1890 Queen Victoria - Inscribed "STAMP DUTY"
- Victoria 1890-1908 Postage Due
- Victoria 1895-1903 Postage Due
- Victoria 1897-1899 Queen Victoria 3half
- Victoria 1899-1901 Queen Victoria
- Victoria 1901 Queen Victoria - inscribed "POSTAGE"
- Victoria 1901 re-use without postage
- Victoria 1905-1910 wmrk A below crown