Barmen is a former industrial metropolis of the region of Bergisches Land, Germany, which merged with four other towns in 1929 to form the city of Wuppertal. Barmen, together with the neighbouring town of Elberfeld founded the first electric suspended monorail tramway system, the Schwebebahn floating tram. Barmen was a pioneering centre for both the early industrial revolution on the European mainland, and for the socialist movement and its theory. It was the location of one of the first concentration camps in Nazi Germany, KZ Wuppertal-Barmen, later better known as Kemna concentration camp. Oberbarmen (Upper Barmen) is the eastern part of Barmen, and Unterbarmen (Lower Barmen) the western part.
Allied Occupied Germany
Postmarks in German Empire
Postmarks in North German Confederation
Postmarks in Prussia Rheinland province
BARMEN Kreis used a Postal code 70, district of Düsseldorf. Sub-offices: BAHNHOF, RITTERSHAUSEN, UNTERBARMEN, WICHLINGHAUSEN and WUPPERFELD (3 lines frames).